Garveyism


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Garveyism

 

a bourgeois, nationalist, separatist tendency in the Negro movement in the USA. The name is taken from M. Garvey, who supported a program of resettling the American Negro population in Africa and creating a Negro state there. During the period of jim crowism and cruel racial persecution, the reactionary “Back to Africa” appeal was temporarily supported by some of the American Negroes. In the 1920’s Garveyism declined. However, during the upsurge of the Negro movement in the 1960’s several activist groups revived Garvey’s doctrine (the African Nationalist Pioneer Movement).

REFERENCE

Foster, U. Z. Negritianskii narod v istorii Ameriki. Moscow, 1955.

E. L. NITOBURG

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Informed by labor struggles of black Bermudians and its whispers of Garveyism, Kamarakafego's sojourn throughout the African Diaspora included: participating in an anti-Batista and United Fruit Company demonstration in Cuba's Oriente (where he also learned to fly a plane); being a student athlete at New York University; fighting the Ku Klux Klan while studying at South Carolina State College; obtaining a Ph.
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His career began with his involvement in the Garvey Movement, but by 1925, with the precipitous decline of Garveyism, Jones needed a political home, and to him the Democratic Party seemed especially hospitable.
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The decision to separate Bruce's involvement in and growing disillusionment with party politics from his opinions about and advocacy for blacks in the United States and abroad renders chapters two and three somewhat lifeless and deprives the reader of the context necessary to understand his "shocking" conversion to Garveyism in October 1919.
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