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a bourgeois, nationalist, separatist tendency in the Negro movement in the USA. The name is taken from M. Garvey, who supported a program of resettling the American Negro population in Africa and creating a Negro state there. During the period of jim crowism and cruel racial persecution, the reactionary “Back to Africa” appeal was temporarily supported by some of the American Negroes. In the 1920’s Garveyism declined. However, during the upsurge of the Negro movement in the 1960’s several activist groups revived Garvey’s doctrine (the African Nationalist Pioneer Movement).


Foster, U. Z. Negritianskii narod v istorii Ameriki. Moscow, 1955.


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7) Besides Garveyism, Rastafari was inspired by the ideological pillars of Pan-Africanism and Ethiopianism.
It was a politics that owed both its articulation, and its persistence, to Garveyism.
The postwar years saw protest movements and rebellions in the United States, the West Indies, and parts of colonial Africa which made for greater receptivity to Garveyism.
21) See the doctoral dissertation of Asia Leeds, "Representations of Race, Entanglements of Power: Whiteness, Garveyism, and Redemptive Geographies in Costa Rica, 1921-1950.
This was also the period of Garveyism, the Harlem Renaissance, and the first wave of Black Nationalism.
Marcus Garvey extensively used the Ethiopian discourse in the thinking that was later known as Garveyism.
91) Garveyism was an anti-colonial/black nationalist movement that called upon all people of African descent to return to the West African country of Liberia where they could create a black nation that would be independent of Western/ European colonial rule.
Pursuing a selection of stories that can be written about the consequences and uses of Garveyism, he says the movement flourished during the interwar years as a diasporic politics, its claims of solidarity facilitating and inspiring the organization of local initiative, its global vision of Negro ascendance and anticolonial resistance cutting through and across difference in creative and generative ways.
60) This suggests that the political practices of Garveyism could also exceed the narrow forms of racialised politics articulated by its iconic leader.
The Jamaica Labour Party's Bustamante, for instance, "is remembered by Frank Scott (Hamilton cited in Thame 2012:112) as proposing instead of Garveyism, a revolution in the thinking of the workers so that the discipline under which they existed in slavery could be converted to their advantage".
Throughout the decades since Reconstruction, African Americans have heard empowering ideologies espoused by leaders of their community, whether it was the racial uplift ideology at the turn of the 19th century, Garveyism in the 1920s, integration in the 1950s, civil rights in the 1960s, or Black Power in the 1970s.
Bloom and Martin acknowledge the connection, noting that without Garveyism "it is hard to imagine the emergence" of the BPP, although they do not elaborate (p.