Garveyism


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Garveyism

 

a bourgeois, nationalist, separatist tendency in the Negro movement in the USA. The name is taken from M. Garvey, who supported a program of resettling the American Negro population in Africa and creating a Negro state there. During the period of jim crowism and cruel racial persecution, the reactionary “Back to Africa” appeal was temporarily supported by some of the American Negroes. In the 1920’s Garveyism declined. However, during the upsurge of the Negro movement in the 1960’s several activist groups revived Garvey’s doctrine (the African Nationalist Pioneer Movement).

REFERENCE

Foster, U. Z. Negritianskii narod v istorii Ameriki. Moscow, 1955.

E. L. NITOBURG

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Julius Garvey, son of Jamaica's first national hero, Marcus Garvey, has been appointed to the Order of Jamaica for his contribution to universal civil activism and promotion of entrepreneurship as well as the legacy of Garveyism and pan-Africanism.
Furthermore, it detaches young Black millennials from an awareness of the genocidal logics and the anti-Black racism that necessitated the emergence of the Harlem Renaissance, Garveyism, the civil rights movement, the Black Arts movement and the Black Power movement.
Best for those who are already somewhat familiar with black radical theory and anti-racist efforts, the book explores the advantages and limitations of all types of pro-black ideologies, from pan-Africanism to Garveyism to black nationalism and beyond.
(2014) 'Literacy as a style of life: Garveyism and gentlemen in colonial Ibadan', African Studies 73 (1): 1-21.
According to Chapman, scholars of different ethnicities, genders, and political ideologies came together under Garveyism to construct a new approach to education that would improve the living conditions of minority communities--primarily African Americans.
(7) Besides Garveyism, Rastafari was inspired by the ideological pillars of Pan-Africanism and Ethiopianism.
The postwar years saw protest movements and rebellions in the United States, the West Indies, and parts of colonial Africa which made for greater receptivity to Garveyism. Ewing nicely summarizes: "the lasting legacy of Marcus Garvey would be forged not in the radical moment of 1919-1920, nor in the grand theatrics and ostentatious scheming that made Garvey famous, but in the sustained commitment to movement making--locally rendered, globally framed" (p.108).
(21) See the doctoral dissertation of Asia Leeds, "Representations of Race, Entanglements of Power: Whiteness, Garveyism, and Redemptive Geographies in Costa Rica, 1921-1950." (UC Berkeley, 2010); the MA Thesis of Diana Senior Argulo, "La Incorporacion Social en Costa Rica del al Poblacion AfroCostarricense durante el siglo XX, 1927-1963." (UCR 2007); works by Afro-Costa Rican poet Eulalia Bernard, including, Cienaga (Asesores Editoriales, 2001) and any of the work by Afro-Costa Rican scholar, Marva Spence Sharpe and preeminent Afro-Costa Rican writer and current Commission for Afro-Costa Rican Affairs, Don Quince Duncan.
This was also the period of Garveyism, the Harlem Renaissance, and the first wave of Black Nationalism.
Marcus Garvey extensively used the Ethiopian discourse in the thinking that was later known as Garveyism. It was recited in the speeches for the motion to establish the South African Native National Congress; the precursor of the ANC.
(91) Garveyism was an anti-colonial/black nationalist movement that called upon all people of African descent to return to the West African country of Liberia where they could create a black nation that would be independent of Western/ European colonial rule.
Pursuing a selection of stories that can be written about the consequences and uses of Garveyism, he says the movement flourished during the interwar years as a diasporic politics, its claims of solidarity facilitating and inspiring the organization of local initiative, its global vision of Negro ascendance and anticolonial resistance cutting through and across difference in creative and generative ways.