(redirected from Gastrointestinal complaints)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to Gastrointestinal complaints: gastrology, gastrologist


The branch of medicine concerned with study of the stomach and intestine.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the field in medicine devoted to the structure and function of the human digestive system under normal and pathological conditions, in which the causes and mechanisms of the development of various diseases of the digestive organs are studied and new methods for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of these diseases are devised.

Diseases of the digestive organs have been known since remote antiquity, but information about the structure of the digestive system was primitive and inaccurate. The teachings of the ancient Greek physician Hippocrates (470-377 B.C.) on curative diet were valuable for the development of knowledge in gastroenterology. The introduction in the 18th century of research in pathological anatomy by the Italian scientist G. B. Morgagni had great importance in the development of gastroenterology. Gastroenterology was finally formed into an independent science in the first half of the 19th century when, as a result of the studies in pathological anatomy by the Austrian scientist K. von Rokitansky, the French scientist J. Cruveilhier, and others, there appeared a systematic description of many diseases of the digestive organs (ulcers and cancer of the stomach, cirrhosis of the liver, etc.). The French clinicians R. Laennec, G. Dieulafoy, V. C. Hanot, and others made an important contribution to the development of gastroenterology. With the introduction into clinical practice of the thick probe in 1867 by the German clinician A. Kussmaul and of the fine probe in 1911 by the German physician M. Einhorn and V. Lyon (USA), the possibilities of studying the secretory and acid-producing functions of the stomach and also of the pathological condition of the bile ducts greatly increased. The development of roentgenologic methods of investigation made it possible to ascertain pathological changes in all of the digestive organs.

The instrumental methods of examination used in contemporary clinical practice (gastroscopy, esophagoscopy, laparoscopy, rectoromanoscopy, radioisotope indication [methods], and radiotelemetry) have considerably expanded diagnostic possibilities in gastroenterology. Developments in chemistry have facilitated the detailed study of the enzymatic functions of the digestive system.

As a result of the work of I. P. Pavlov and his school, the contemporary physiology of digestion came into being; it has exerted a decisive influence on the development of gastroenterology throughout the world. S. P. Botkin’s theory of nervism (mid-19th century), the method of anamnesis devised by G. A. Zakhar’in, and the method of palpation (feeling) of the organs of the abdominal cavity devised by A. P. Obraztsov (beginning of 20th century) and perfected by his school exerted a great influence on the development of gastroenterology.

The major thrust of gastroenterology in the USSR is social and preventive. Health-center care for patients with gastroenterological diseases, the creation of specialized wards for these patients and wards for abdominal surgery, and the care provided by health resorts and sanatoriums guarantee success in the battle against diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The study of gastroenterological problems is based on research in physiology, morphology, microbiology, chemistry, radiology, and clinical disciplines (therapeutics, surgery, and pediatrics). Included among Soviet scientists that have made great contributions to the development of gastroenterology are M. P. Konchalovskii, N. D. Strazhesko, R. A. Luria, M. I. Pevzner, A. L. Miasnikov, E. M. Tareev, V. Kh. Vasilenko, N. I. Leporskii, N. V. Konovalov, M. M. Gubergrits, I. P. Razenkov, M. N. Shaternikov, S. A. Kholdin, S. P. Fedorov, S. A. Reinberg, Iu. N. Sokolov, and B. V. Petrovskii.

Organizations that have been created in this field include the All-Union and All-Russian Problems Commission on the Physiology and Pathology of Digestion, the All-Union Scientific Society of Gastroenterologists, and scientific research institutes in Moscow, Dnepropetrovsk, and Dushanbe. The problems and the results of research in gastroenterology are published in journals, including Terapevticheskii arkhiv (since 1923), Klinicheskaia meditsina (since 1920), Sovetskaia meditsina (since 1937), Vrachebnoe delo (since 1918), and Khirurgiia (since 1931). Abroad, research in gastroenterology is published in journals including Archives français des maladies de l’appareil digestif (Paris, 1907—), Medizinische Klinik (Berlin, 1904—), Gut (London, 1960—), American Journal of Gastroenterology (New York, 1934—), American Journal of Proctology (New York, 1950—), Acta gastro-enterologica belgica (Brussels, 1933—), Digestion: International Journal of Gastroenterology (Basel-New York, 1895—).

The Association of National European and Mediterranean Societies of Gastro-Enterology and the World Association of Gastroenterologists coordinate research in gastroenterology.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nutritional Recommendations to Avoid Gastrointestinal Complaints during Exercise.
The findings might indicate that the gastrointestinal complaints are associated with a proinflammatory central immune activation and an abnormal tryptophan metabolism which could cause and maintain the chronicity of the disorder by a central and long-lasting sensitisation that exaggerates normal and abnormal visceral stimuli.
An active search for gastrointestinal complaints and subclinical gut inflammation should be performed in patients with SpA in clinical practice.
As previously mentioned, gastrointestinal complaints and disorders carry a significant burden of disease and accounted for over 30 million outpatient clinic visits [1].
In general, the regimens were well tolerated with minor gastrointestinal complaints. The authors concluded that the combination of systemic and topical antimicrobials was associated with subsequent decreases in community-acquired MRSA SSTI; however, they acknowledged that without a control group, they were unable to be certain that the decrease was due to the prescribed regimen.
Although it is rare still one should consider adenocarcinoma in any patient who is presented with non-specific gastrointestinal complaints since this can lead to an early diagnosis.
Total Positive (%) Total Positive (%) 1 11-20 2 2(100) 1 1(100) NS 2 21-30 6 5(83.3) 3 3(100) NS 3 31-40 15 14(93.3) 6 5(83.3) NS 4 41-50 24 23(95.8) 6 4(66.7) S 5 51-60 27 24(88.9) 8 5(62.5) S 6 61-70 18 15(83.3) 4 2(50.0) NS 7 71-80 9 6(66.3) 2 1(50.0) NS Total 101 89(88.11) 30 21(70) S * S/NS: Significant/Non-significant TABLE 3: Comparison of Gastrointestinal Complaints and anti-Helicobacter pylori Antibodies in Diabetic Group SL.
EoE can cause a variety of gastrointestinal complaints including reflux-like symptoms, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, tissue scarring, fibrosis, the formation of strictures and other medical complications.
It is calling for patients with gastrointestinal complaints - such as Crohn's and coeliac disease - where IDA is a symptom, to be properly screened by GPs to stem the rising number of emergency admissions.
The patient denied any history of fever, sore throat, weight loss, visual problems, dyspnea, cough, gastrointestinal complaints or recent travel.
The most common adverse effects reported with agomelatine use were headache, nasopharyngitis, and gastrointestinal complaints. Rarely skin rashes are reported during the treatment with agomelatine (1, 2).

Full browser ?