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Gateshead(gāts`hĕd), metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 91,429), NE England, on the Tyne River opposite Newcastle upon TyneNewcastle upon Tyne,
city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 199,064), NE England, on the Tyne River. The city is an important shipping and trade center. The famous coal-shipping industry began in the 13th cent.; coal, however, was exceeded by wool exports until the 16th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. . Service industries, light engineering, paints, refrigeration, heating, and air conditioning equipment, ordnance, and wire and cable are among the city's industries. Gateshead Fell is noted for its historic grindstone quarries. Gateshead is an extremely old community, probably dating back to Saxon times. The area's iron and steel industry developed in the 19th cent. The city was swept by fire in 1854, but several old churches survive. Several bridges cross the Tyne to Newcastle, including the tilting, arc-shaped Millenium Bridge for pedestrians and cyclists, part of the redevelopment of the Gateshead Quays, which includes a contemporary arts center.
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1. a port in NE England, in Gateshead unitary authority, Tyne and Wear: engineering works, cultural centre. Pop.: 78 403 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in NE England, in Tyne and Wear. Pop.: 191 000 (2003 est.). Area: 142 sq. km (55 sq. miles)
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