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gauss

(gous) [for C. F. GaussGauss, Carl Friedrich
, born Johann Friederich Carl Gauss, 1777–1855, German mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. Gauss was educated at the Caroline College, Brunswick, and the Univ.
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], abbr. G, unit of magnetic flux density (see flux, magneticflux, magnetic,
in physics, term used to describe the total amount of magnetic field in a given region. The term flux was chosen because the power of a magnet seems to "flow" out of the magnet at one pole and return at the other pole in a circulating pattern, as suggested
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) equal to 0.0001 (10−4) weberweber
[for W. E. Weber], abbr. Wb, unit of magnetic flux in the mks system of weights and measures; 1 Wb is equal to 1 volt-second. The weber per square meter, called the tesla [for Nikola Tesla], abbr.
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 per square meter. Since this unit is derived from the cgs systemcgs system,
system of units of measurement based on the metric system and having the centimeter of length, the gram of mass, and the second of time as its fundamental units. Other cgs units are the dyne of force and the erg of work or energy.
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 of units rather than the mks systemmks system,
system of units of measurement based on the metric system and having the meter of length, the kilogram of mass, and the second of time as its fundamental units. Other mks units include the newton of force, the joule of work or energy, and the watt of power.
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, it is largely obsolete. See electric and magnetic unitselectric and magnetic units,
units used to express the magnitudes of various quantities in electricity and magnetism. Three systems of such units, all based on the metric system, are commonly used.
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.
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gauss

(gowss) Symbol: G. The c.g.s. (electromagnetic) unit of magnetic flux density. One gauss is equal to 10–4 tesla.
Collins Dictionary of Astronomy © Market House Books Ltd, 2006
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gauss

 

a unit of magnetic induction in the cgs system of units (Gaussian and cgs emu). It was named in honor of K. Gauss. The abbreviation is G. A gauss is equal to the induction of a homogeneous magnetic field in which a linear conductor 1 cm long placed perpendicular to the induction vector of the field experiences a force of 1 dyne when a current equal to 1 unit of current in the cgs emu system flows through it. The gauss can also be defined as the magnetic induction for which a magnetic flux of 1 maxwell passes through a cross-sectional area of 1 sq cm normal to the lines of the induction. The relationship between the units of magnetic induction in the cgs system and the International System of Units (SI) is: 1 tesla (T) = 104 G. The kilogauss, which is equal to 1,000 G, is still used in practice. Until 1930 the gauss was also called the unit of magnetic field strength, equal to 79.577 amperes per meter. In 1930 the oersted was adopted by the International Technical Commission as the basic unit of magnetic field strength.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

gauss

[gau̇s]
(electromagnetism)
Unit of magnetic induction in the electromagnetic and Gaussian systems of units, equal to 1 maxwell per square centimeter, or 10-4 weber per square meter. Also known as abtesla (abt).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

gauss

the cgs unit of magnetic flux density; the flux density that will induce an emf of 1 abvolt (10--8 volt) per centimetre in a wire moving across the field at a velocity of 1 centimetre per second. 1 gauss is equivalent to 10--4 tesla

Gauss

Karl Friedrich . 1777--1855, German mathematician: developed the theory of numbers and applied mathematics to astronomy, electricity and magnetism, and geodesy
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Gauss

(person)

Gauss

(statistics)
Gaussian distribution.

See normal distribution.

Gauss

(unit)
The unit of magnetic field strength. 1 gauss = 1 Maxwell / cm^2.

A good loudspeaker coil magnet flux density is of the order of 10000 gauss.

Gauss

(language)
A powerful matrix programming language by Aptech Systems. Gauss is very popular with econometricians.

http://rhkoning.xs4all.nl/gauss/index.htm.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

gauss

A unit of measurement of magnetic intensity named after Karl F. Gauss (1777-1855), considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. See degauss.
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