Gaugamela


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Gaugamela: guacamole

Gaugamela

 

a hill (modern name, Tell Gōmel) and settlement (near modern Gōmel-sū) in Mesopotamia, northwest of the city of Arbela. On Oct. 1, 331 B.C., a decisive battle took place near Gaugamela between Alexander of Macedonia (40,000 infantry, 7,000 cavalry) and the Persian king Darius III Codomannus (60,000-80,000 infantry, up to 15,000 cavalry, 200 war chariots, and 15 battle elephants). Smashing the Persians’ covering force on the Euphrates River, Alexander moved toward Gaugamela, where the Persian army had taken position. The Persians attacked both flanks of the Macedonians and broke through their left flank to the camp, where the Macedonian infantry stopped them. Alexander struck a decisive blow to the left wing of the Persian army with the right flank of his army, consisting mainly of crack cavalry. He smashed the Persian left wing and broke through to the rear of the attacking Persian right wing. The Persian troops fled, and the Macedonian cavalry pursued them for 50 km.

References in periodicals archive ?
1-5) ha sido vinculada con las bodas de Susa y la politica de Alejandro, pero en nuestra opinion estaria relacionada con el intercambio postal que Dario y Alejandro mantuvieron entre la batalla de Issos y la de Gaugamela.
The importance of this topic is that Gaugamela or sometimes called Erbela is an international historical occurrence, whoever reads the history of Alexander will come across the name Erbela which undoubtedly refers to the current city of Erbil (or Hawler).
Researching the post-Assyrian history of Nineveh, she realized that Alexander the Great had actually camped near the city in 331BC - just before he defeated the Persians at the famous battle of Gaugamela.
the GreatAAEs triumph over Persian king Darius III at the Battle of Gaugamela, which ultimately led to the demise of the Achaemenid Empire.
From the time of his initial defeat of Darius at Issus, through his campaign into Egypt, and his final defeat of Darius at Gaugamela (also known as the Battle of Arbela) Alexander displayed an acute awareness of the logistical requirements of his army.
Alejandro Magno derroto por segunda vez a Dario, el rey de Persia, en Gaugamela, y fundo Alejandria para eternizar su nombre y su grandeza.
31) In terms of frequency, three clusters in which these interventions occur can be distinguished: the annunciation and birth narratives (2-3), the period from Issus to Gaugamela (17-34), representing the top of the curve, and the death omens at the conclusion of the Life (73-65).
Apparently not: my recent attempt to sell a concept for a videogame based on the Battle of Gaugamela elicited only a generic rejection letter from Brainsplatter Entertainment Systems' back office.
Alexander was careful not to locate the city right on top of an existing Egyptian site, for fear of alienating powerful native opinion, which he urgently needed on his side; it was, after all, only six months or so before the final, decisive battle with the Persian Great King Darius III at Gaugamela in northern Iraq in October 331 BC.
By overlooking the chronology of history, Alexander erects its hero's destiny according to a trajectory that goes from the arid and glorifying plains of the battle of Gaugamela to the downpour that follows his death.