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Related to Gaulish: Gaelic, Gælic
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the language of the Celtic tribes that inhabited the territory from the Iberian Peninsula to Asia Minor shortly before the Common Era. Gaulish was a group of various but quite close tribal dialects. It was distinguished as a separate branch of the Celtic languages, closer to the Brythonic branch than to the Goidelic.

Gaulish epigraphic monuments and records dating from the fourth century B.C. to the first few centuries A.D. have been preserved. Most of the short inscriptions consist only of dedications. The most extensive inscription is a calendar on a bronze tablet from Coligny. Many Gaulish words and proper names were preserved in Latin inscriptions and the works of ancient authors.

Gaulish is archaic in comparison with the other Celtic languages. The phonetic shape of words did not undergo significant changes. Consonant mutation apparently did not develop. As far as can be determined, noun declension was fully developed; little is known about the verb system. Word order in the sentence was free. In most Gaulish-speaking regions, Gaulish was displaced by Latin in the fifth and sixth centuries. Many Gaulish words have been preserved in modern French and the northern Italian dialects.


Lewis, H., and H. Pedersen. Kratkaia sravnitel’naia grammatika kel’tskikh iazykov. Moscow, 1954. (Translated from English.)
Dottin, G. La Langue gauloise. Paris, 1920.
Whatmough, J. The Dialects of Ancient Gaul, series 1-5. Ann Arbor, Mich., 1950-51.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Exercise Gaulish Eagle aims to develop mili-tary co-operation between Britain and France following the signing of the Defence and Security Co-operation Treaty in November 2010.
(from a Gaulish text) (Russell 1997: 96) The poem's title is a phrase from Julius Caesar's De Bello Gallico (V.55).
Gaulish calendar engraved on bronze tablets, discovered in 1897 in Coligny, France.
He shows how some 85 inscriptions from about 750-450 BC closely resemble the Celtiberian spoken in east-central Spain, Gaulish across the Pyrenees, and the insular Celtic languages still spoken across what is now the English Channel.
The park is just an hour's drive north of Paris and has 31 attractions and big live shows, all staged in six worlds decorated with Gaulish humour.
Archaeological evidence such as Gaulish curse texts, Celtic Latin Curse tablets from the Alpine regions of Britain, and fragments of Old Brittonic tablets uncovered from Roman Bath is contemplated at length.
"It's as if the gates of the Gaulish village had been thrown open to the Roman Empire," she added.
Employing some of the strategies of "feminine writing," as described by Butler and Cornell, O'Faolain has consistently made it her task to trace the role of myth in the representation of different sorts of women (Gaulish, Irish) down through history.
When Caesar, in the course of his eight-year war, had to deal with the Gaulish leadership, it was naturally with this dominant nobilitas.
35 Taranis was the ancient Gaulish and British Celtic god of what?
For Iraq, more appropriate would be the Roman model described by the Gaulish chief quoted by Tacitus "They make a desert and call it peace"--massive coercion lasting over a decade, bouts of exemplary repression--Fallujahs all over Sunni areas, the execution of Muqtada al-Sadr and all other Shi'a "trouble-makers," etc.
This is followed by a detailed description of the reception of the earlier canonical discipline from Hispanic, Gaulish and Eastern councils.