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province (2011 pop. 12,272,263), 7,019 sq mi (18,178 sq km), NE South Africa. In 1994, under South Africa's post-apartheid constitution, Gauteng was created from the southern portion of the former province of TransvaalTransvaal
, former province, NE South Africa. With the new constitution of 1994, it was divided into Eastern Transvaal (now Mpumalanga), Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Veereeniging (now Gauteng), and part of North West prov.
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. It is bounded by Limpopo (N), Mpumalanga (E), the Vaal River and Free State (S), and by North West (W). Gauteng was initially called Pretoria-Witwatersrand-Vereeniging.

, city, now part and seat of City of Johannesburg metropolitan municipality, Gauteng prov., NE South Africa, on the southern slopes of the Witwatersrand at an altitude of 5,750 ft (1,753 m).
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 is the capital and largest city. Other leading cities include PretoriaPretoria
, city, Gauteng prov., administrative capital of South Africa and formerly capital of Transvaal. Pretoria is now part and seatof the City of Tshwane metropolitan municipality, and in 2005 the metropolitan council voted to rename Pretoria Tshwane, an action not yet
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, BrakpanBrakpan
, city, now part of Ekurhuleni metropolitan municipality, Gauteng prov., NE South Africa. It is a gold- and coal-mining center and has an ironworks. There is also a technical college in the city.
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, GermistonGermiston
, city, now part and seat of Ekurhuleni metropolitan municipality, Gauteng prov., NE South Africa, on the Witwatersrand. The chief industries are gold mining and processing and the manufacture of liquid oxygen; other chemicals, machinery, textiles, and clothing are
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, KrugersdorpKrugersdorp
, city, part and seat of Mogale City local municipality, Gauteng prov., NE South Africa. The chief industrial city of the W Witwatersrand, Krugersdorp is the center for a region where gold, manganese, lime, and uranium are mined.
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, SpringsSprings,
city, now part of Ekurhuleni metropolitan municipality, Gauteng prov., NE South Africa. It is an industrial center of the Witwatersrand, a gold- and uranium-mining region.
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, and VereenigingVereeniging
[Afrik.,=union], city, now part of the Enfuleni local municipality, Gauteng prov., NE South Africa, on the Vaal River. An industrial center, its chief products are iron, steel, pipes, bricks and tiles, and processed lime and coal.
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. The province is situated in the highveld, at an altitude of 3,000 to 6,000 ft (910–1,830 m), giving it a relatively mild climate in spite of its subtropical location. The WitwatersrandWitwatersrand
[Afrik.,=white water ridge] or the Rand,
region, Gauteng prov. (formerly a part of Transvaal), South Africa. The area, which forms the watershed between the Vaal and Olifants rivers, is c.
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 range runs west to east through the province.

Although the smallest of South Africa's nine provinces, Gauteng is the most populous. It is the financial services capital of the country and has a large manufacturing sector that produces iron and steel, fabricated metal products, processed food, machinery, appliances, vehicle parts, and chemicals. Mining, chiefly gold and diamonds, is important, although it has been eclipsed in recent years by manufacturing and financial services. The majority of the country's research and development also takes place in Gauteng. Agriculture focuses on raising fruits, vegetables, poultry, and eggs for the province's mainly urban population. The landlocked province has good road and rail connections. The principal languages are Zulu, Afrikaans, Sesotho, and English.

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a province of N South Africa; formed in 1994 from part of the former province of Transvaal: service industries, mining, and manufacturing. Capital: Johannesburg. Pop.: 8 847 740 (2004 est.). Area: 18 810 sq. km (7262 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Gauteng Department of Education (GDE) has also called on Gauteng parents not to panic in the midst of the unrest that is currently taking place in various areas in the province.
The Gauteng Growth and Development Agency (GGDA) is the headline sponsor for the African Real Estate & Infrastructure Summit with the Gauteng Industrial Development Zone (GIDZ), a subsidiary company of the GGDA, also represented and speaking at the event.
Johannesburg [South Africa], Jul 23 ( ANI ): Unknown assailants opened fire at a taxi bus here, killing 11 passengers who were on their way back from a funeral service in Gauteng Province on Sunday.
[ClickPress, Tue Jul 10 2018] Randburg Glass is a Gauteng based company, well-known for offering a number of glazing services.
Gauteng Province will host the Bank's inaugural forum from November 7-9, 2018 at the Sandton Convention Center in Johannesburg.
The launch of LME came about as a result of a partnership that was recently entered into by SACEEC and the Gauteng Province.
The Gauteng HEMS operation serviced 455 cases (84.7%) and the KZN operation 82 (15.3%).
First National Bank (FNB) has won Gauteng's ZAR95bn centralised banking tender.
Additional projects are also underway in various provinces to enhance network quality and stability following the successes the company experienced in the Gauteng improvement projects," the telco reported.
Trott left his bowlers a scheduled 56 overs to see off their inexperienced hosts, and the Lions were on track until an approaching electrical storm brought a tactical retreat and early close after Gauteng had stumbled to 120 for eight in 42.
In reply, Gauteng were dismissed for a paltry 179 inside 50 overs, and although England stuttered to 43 for three second time around, they are still firmly on top in this tour opener.

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