Gayoom, Maumoon Abdul

Gayoom, Maumoon Abdul

(mämo͞on` äb`do͞ol gīo͞om`), 1937–, Maldivian political leader, president of the Maldives (1978–2008), b. Malé. He studied at Al-Azhar Univ. in Cairo, then was a research assistant at the American Univ., Cairo (1967–69) and taught at Ahmadu Bello Univ., Zaria, Nigeria (1969–71). Following his return to the Maldives in 1971, Gayoom served in numerous government posts, including undersecretary to the prime minister, representative to the United Nations, and transportation minister. When President Ibrahim Nasir resigned in 1978, Gayoom was elected to succeed him. He was reelected in 1983, 1988, 1993, 1998, and 2003. Often criticized for his autocratic rule, Gayoom survived numerous coup and assassination attempts. After a new constitution was adopted that permitted the direct election of the president, Gayoom lost (2008) to opposition leader Mohamed NasheedNasheed, Mohamed
, 1967–, Maldivian political leader. A journalist, he often ran afoul of President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom and was imprisoned several times. "Anni" was first elected to parliament in 1999, but lost his seat (2001) due to a theft prosecution that was seen as
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. Gayoom later formed (2016) an alliance with Nasheed against Gayoom's half-brother, Abdullah YameenYameen, Abdullah
(Abdullah Yameen Abdul Gayoom), 1959–, Maldivian politician, president of the Maldives (2013–18). The half-brother of Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, who was president from 1978 to 2008, Yameen was first elected to parliament in 1993 and served as minister of
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, who became president in 2013, and in 2018 he was arrested and convicted of not cooperating with the police. Gayoom was released from prison after Yameen lost the presidency in 2018.
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