gazetteer

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gazetteer

(găz'ĭtēr`), dictionary or encyclopedia listing alphabetically the names of places, political divisions, and physical features of the earth and giving some information about each. The term gazetteer originally was applied to one who wrote a gazette. It was first used in its modern sense early in the 18th cent., after the publication (1703) by Lawrence Echard of the Gazetteer's or Newsman's Interpreter, a geographical index. But lists of place names, with descriptions, had been made as early as the 6th cent.; part of the gazetteer of Stephen of Byzantium, of this time, is extant. The 19th cent., when geographical knowledge and the need for having geographical facts readily available had both increased greatly, was the great period of development of gazetteer making. Attempts were made to produce complete gazeteers, necessitating several volumes. Famous gazetteers include Johnston's (Scotland, 1850), Blackie's (Scotland, 1850), Bouillet's (France, 1857), Ritter's (Germany, 1874), Longman's (England, 1895), Garollo's (Italy, 1898), and Lippincott's (United States, 1865; now The Columbia Gazetteer of the World, 1998); later editions of many of these have appeared.
References in periodicals archive ?
I note that: Colerain is in the Columbia Gazeteer of North America (Bertie co.
Fairies are said to live hereabouts', states Michael Raven in his Shropshire Gazeteer.
40 San Antonio Missions National Historical Park: South Central Texas, Columbia Gazeteer
One way of getting a warts-and-all profile of the hotel is to ask to read about it in the AOG Agents' Gazeteer - usually located behind the counter at travel agents.
The Shropshire Gazeteer notes: 'The whole effect is of a medieval estate, cultivated and lived in but unspoilt.
Sambrook Mill warrants its own mention within the village write-up in the comprehensive Shropshire Gazeteer by Michael Raven.
The invaluable regular features found in the 110th edition of the guide include prominent people, historical events, a coloured atlas of the world and a gazeteer of the world and the sections range from a literary companion to a dictionary of computing.
It also boasts the best address in the town, according to the definitive work on the county, A Shropshire Gazeteer by Michael Raven.
He draws from guidebooks, dictionaries, gazeteers, and histories to give information on their Civil War connections, the state, and county or parish, and includes alternate names.
BEN NEVIS is causing chaos among Britain's gazeteers.
Some types of knowledge are more general (the domain of reference books such as encyclopaedias, gazeteers, atlases, etc.
The contents address technical factors related to Romanization systems (including which languages are covered and omitted from recommendations), the names of countries, and the creation and transfer of toponymic data files and gazeteers.