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see SwedenSweden,
Swed. Sverige, officially Kingdom of Sweden, constitutional monarchy (2015 est. pop. 9,764,000), 173,648 sq mi (449,750 sq km), N Europe, occupying the eastern part of the Scandinavian peninsula.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a historic region in southern Sweden. Area, 87,000 sq km. Population, 3.9 million (1969).

The Smoland Highlands, covered with coniferous forests and numerous lakes (Vänern, Vättern, and others) are located in the northern and central parts of Gotaland. The lowland Skáne peninsula makes up the southern part of the region.

More than 50 percent of the industrial workers and about 50 percent of Sweden’s industrial production are concentrated in Gotaland. The principal industries of the area are heavy machine building (automobile assembly and shipbuilding), and the production of textiles and clothing. Paper and chemical processing are also significant industries. The major industrial centers are Göteborg, Trollhättan, Boras, Norr-köping, Linköping, and Malmö. Gotaland is the main area of agricultural production in Sweden. It has three-fifths of the arable land of the country and produces about two-thirds of the country’s grain and about two-thirds of its cattle.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Beowulf, a young warrior from Geatland (southern Sweden), hears of Hrothgar troubles and, with his king's permission, leaves his homeland to help the Danes.
Their plight reaches the ear of Beowulf who leaves his home in Geatland and goes to help.
In Beowulf, the hero battles three antagonists and beats two, but in the final battle, he is fatally wounded, dies and buried in a tumulus in Geatland:
While Beowulf borrows some components from these two patterns, the text world of Beowulf is mainly divided into two sub-worlds: (7) one in Denmark and the other in Geatland. Traveling to Denmark, Beowulf kills Grendel and Grendel's mother, protects the Danish people from further massacre, and earns treasure and honor from Hrothgar.
In Beowulf, Wealhtheow endows Beowulf with gifts and advises him to use them well, which he does on his return to Geatland, when he shares them with his lord Hygelac.
He had issues with the recapitulation of the entire story back in Geatland, and he wasn't sure that it was a great idea for Beowulf to journey to Denmark and conquer Grendel rather than doing something for his own people, though he thought that the poem in the end handled this pretty well during the recapitulation.
The tale of the fearless Beowulf, hero of Geatland - modern Sweden - sheds some light on a murky Dark Ages Britain.
In this tradition, Beowulf journeyed from Geatland to prove himself by engaging the monster Grendel, who had been wreaking murderous havoc on the Danish King Hrothgar and his thanes.
Several years later, after the young troll, Grendel (Ingvar Sigurdsson), has begun exacting his revenge by killing most of the occupants of the king's great hall, the drunken and depressed Hrothgar engages Beowulf and his small band of companions from Geatland (southern Sweden) to track down the elusive creature.
On the shores of Vanern near Amal is the headland of Ornas from orn eagle, pronounced earn; Earna-ness is also eagle's headland in the Geatland of Beowulf.
The story of this terrible monster shutting down their party house traveled with the storyteller from Denmark all the way over to Geatland (Sweden).
Ultimately, then, in view of the restrictive nature of folkright, it is unlikely that his character Hygd, despite the high status of the Germanic queen, ever had the power to abrogate customary rules of succession in prehistoric Geatland. And when the poet implies that Hygelac's rightful heir is his son Heardred, he probably introduces an anachronism by projecting primogeniture upon continental Germanic culture long before it developed there.