Gullah

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Gullah

(gŭl`ə), a creole languagecreole language
, any language that began as a pidgin but was later adopted as the mother tongue by a people in place of the original mother tongue or tongues. Examples are the Gullah of South Carolina and Georgia (based on English), the creole of Haiti (based on French), and
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 formerly spoken by the Gullah, an African-American community of the Sea IslandsSea Islands,
chain of more than 100 low islands off the Atlantic coast of S.C., Ga., and N Fla., extending from the Santee River to the St. Johns River. The ocean side of the islands is generally sandy; the side facing the mainland is marshy.
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 and the Middle Atlantic coast of the United States. The word is probably a corruption of the African Gola or Gora, names of African tribes living in Liberia, but it may also be derived from Angola, whence many of the Gullahs' ancestors came. The Gullah dialect, spoken now by only a few hundred people, is a mixture of 17th- and 18th-century English and of a number of West African languages (among them Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba). The African influence on Gullah can be seen in the phonology, vocabulary, and grammar. Some African words in Gullah have entered American English, including goober ("peanut"), gumbo ("okra"), and voodoo ("witchcraft"). Du Bose Heyward's novel Porgy (1925), upon which Gershwin's opera is based, was written in the Gullah dialect.

Bibliography

See M. Crum, Gullah (1940); L. D. Turner, Africanisms in the Gullah Dialect (1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
Congress designated the Gullah Geechee Corridor, which runs from Wilmington, NC to Jacksonville, Fl.
And, if people have extra time and want to travel to the Barrier Islands, where we talked about the Gullah Geechee cultures and all, I would highly recommend that.
In a letter to Sassafrass, Hilda references the commodification of Sea Island land: "Did you know that one Geechee after another is selling little parcels of land right off those islands?
as well as BAHASA(Malay-Indonesia), BWAANABA (Kiribati), CATALAN (Spain/France/Andorra), KANNADA (India), KARAKALPAK (Kazhak), MABAAN (Luo), PAMPANGAN (Austronesian) is a 'ladder word' (see Ladder Words 2002279), GEECHEE (English Creole), YEKHEE (Edo), OROMO (Cushitic), KUKUKUKU (Papuan)
Buzzard and the Bolito Man: A Saltwater Geechee Talks About Life on Sapelo Island as well as award winning essays.
With the Lowcountry of South Carolina having an African-American population of 33%, and also being home to the Gullah and Geechee people and cultures, it was only natural that a paper would rise up and become the black voice of the Lowcountry, (The Gullah Sentinel, 2001).
The contributions of Doris Witt ("My Kitchen Was the World: Vertamae Smart Grosvenor's Geechee Diaspora"), Traci Marie Kelly ("If I Were a Voodoo Priestess: Women's Culinary Autobiography"), and Janet Theophano ("Home Cooking: Boston Baked Beans and Sizzling Rice Soup as Recipes for Pride and Prejudice") underscore the importance of cookbooks with respect to women's history.
The author, one of the last of her generation to retain the memories of traditional Salt Water Geechee ways, weaves a narrative rich with descriptions of family life, natural medicine, root doctors, island customs and religion.
Grosvenor has emphasized the African roots of an authentic African American identity by affirming her own Geechee (or Gullah) identity and defining soul food as an international cuisine.
Daughters of the Dust, Julie Dash: a Geechee Girls Production, 1991.
Windsharp became only the second female winner in 29 runnings of the race, joining 1961 winner Geechee Lou.
Her plays include A Photograph: A Study of Cruelty (1977); Boogie Woogie Landscapes (1978); Spell #7: A Geechee Quick Magic Trance Manual (1979); and From Okra to Greens: A Different Kinda Love Story (1984).