Geffrard, Nicholas Fabre

Geffrard, Nicholas Fabre

(nēkôlä` fä`brə zhĕfrär`), 1806–79, president of Haiti (1859–67). He took part (1843) in the revolt against Jean Pierre Boyer and led the insurrection that overthrew Faustin Élie SoulouqueSoulouque, Faustin Élie
, c.1785–1867, emperor of Haiti (1849–59). An illiterate former slave, he became president in 1847 and then declared himself emperor as Faustin I.
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 in 1859. Although he tried to reform the government, he was continually harassed by counterrevolutions and could accomplish little. He was exiled in 1867.
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