Gela


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Gela

(jā`lä), city (1991 pop. 61,319), S Sicily, Italy, on the Mediterranean Sea. It is a port, industrial center, and seaside resort. Petrochemicals are produced nearby, and petroleum is refined in the city. Much cotton is grown in Gela's hinterland. The city was founded c.688 B.C. by Greek colonists from Crete and Rhodes and soon flourished, founding (c.580 B.C.) Acragas (the later AgrigentoAgrigento
, Lat. Agrigentum, city (1991 pop. 55,283), capital of Agrigento prov., S Sicily, Italy, on a hill above the Mediterranean Sea. It is an agricultural market and a tourist center, but per capita income is among the lowest in Italy. Sulfur and potash are mined.
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). It attained its greatest prosperity under the tyrants Hippocrates and GelonGelon
, d. 478 B.C., Greek Sicilian ruler. As tyrant of Gela, his native city, he interfered in the struggle for power in Syracuse (485 B.C.) and made himself the leader of the popular party there. From that time he ruled Syracuse and dominated Greek Sicily. In 480 B.C.
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 in the 5th cent. B.C. However, the city was sacked by Carthage in 405 B.C. and never fully recovered. In 282 B.C., Mamertine mercenaries (see MessinaMessina
, city (1991 pop. 231,693), capital of Messina prov., NE Sicily, Italy, on the Strait of Messina, opposite the Italian mainland. It is a busy seaport and a commercial and light industrial center.
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) destroyed the city, and Phintias, tyrant of Acragas, resettled the inhabitants in the new city of Phintias (now Licata). In a necropolis near Gela, Greek vases and other objects have been found; excavations (begun in 1901) have uncovered the ancient Greek wall of Gela (5th–4th cent. B.C.) and two temples. The modern city was founded by Emperor Frederick II in 1230; until 1927 it was known as Terranova di Sicilia. In World War II, Gela was a landing point (July, 1943) for the Allied invasion of Sicily.

Gela

 

a city in southern Italy, on the island of Sicily in the province of Caltanissetta. It is a port (with a freight turnover in 1969 of 6.6 million tons) on the Gulf of Gela of the Mediterranean Sea. Population, 65,300 (1969). In Gela are petroleum refineries and petrochemical plants, as well as manufacturers of sulfuric acid and fertilizer, which make use of oil, natural gas, and sulfur extracted locally.

Gela was founded in approximately 690 B.C. by the Rhodians and Cretans; in the classical age it was given the name Gela. In the early fifth century B.C. under the tyrants Cleander, Hippocrates, and Gelon, it was the strongest city-state in Sicily and conquered the eastern half of the island. Gelon conquered Syracuse and transferred his capital there, so that after 485 B.C., Gela fell into decay. In 282 B.C. it was destroyed by the Mamertini (Campanian mercenaries). Frederick II founded the city of Terranova di Sicilia on the site of ancient Gela in 1230, and this name was retained until 1927.

Remnants of an ancient Greek acropolis (sixth century B.C.), with a temple of Athena, have been preserved in Gela, as well as traces of a regular plan of the town from the fourth century B.C. with remains of fortifications, a bath house, and other buildings. The Church of San Biagio and a castle from the 14th century are there. Gela has a national archaeological museum.

References in periodicals archive ?
ENI's films set in Southern Italy, instead--namely, A Gela qualcosa di nuovo (Fernando Cerchio, 1960), Gela 1959: pozzi a mare and Ch4 Lucania (Giuseppe Ferrara, 1963)--pay special attention to men at work, as those who are interviewed are workers on construction sites or on gas platforms (as opposed to the technicians who inhabited the films set in the North).
Gela is 6,000ft up and we had to slalom around landslides for the last few perilously steep miles.
14 December 2011 - Celgene International Sarl, a subsidiary of Celgene Corporation (NASDAQ:CELG), and the Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes de l'Adulte (GELA) said on Wednesday that they had launched an international, Phase III clinical study to assess the therapeutic potential of a new chemotherapy-free approach for the treatment of follicular lymphoma (FL).
Mum Menisha Gela said she was initially worried how Rudi would react to another baby round the house.
"We were smoking and going down fast and we quickly bailed out somewhere over Gela." The last one out, Barbu was only a few feet from the ground when his chute opened, jerking him upward.
I would like to thank my familia, Mama Margarita; Tia Gela; my hermanos Francisco, Arturo, and Martin; my hermanas Blanca, Lourdes, and Maco; and of course, my nephews and nieces.
Founded in 1994 by Pamela Skaist-Levy and Gela Taylor, as the premium designer, marketer and wholesaler of chic, sophisticated basics for women, Juicy Couture has attracted many a Hollywood diva and style-conscious women alike over the years from Madonna to Jessica Biel.
We pressed on and once we got to Gela, we proceeded to the air station via the normal course rules of Gela to Caltigirone to Palagonia, and then to NAS Sigonella for an uneventful landing and aircraft shutdown.
The Italian energy group ENI - whose E&P arm Agip has developed the gas fields which feed Greenstream and is a partner in this and the Western Libya Gas Project (WLGP) - has been buying between 1,200-2,000 MCM/y extra on top of the pipeline's contracted 8,000 MCM/y flow to the Sicilian coastal town of Gela.
Gela Bezhuashvili, the head of the Georgian intelligence services, told parliament on Friday that Russia was planning "to remove the Georgian authorities through internal disorder and destabilisation".
Swiss-Swedish power and automation technology group ABB (OMX Stockholm:ABB) (NYSE:ABB) (SWX:ABBN) said on Monday (10 November) that it has won a USD22m contract from the Italian refinery company Eni Raffineria di Gela SpA.
This centred on the town of Gela, in the heart of Sicily's traditional Mafia territory.