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Gelsenkirchen(gĕl'zənkĭrkh`ən), city (1994 pop. 295,040), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, a port on the Rhine-Herne Canal. It is a major industrial and coal-mining center of the RuhrRuhr
, region, c.1,300 sq mi (3,370 sq km), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany; a principal manufacturing center of Germany. The Ruhr lies along, and north of, the Ruhr River (145 mi/233 km long), which rises in the hills of central Germany and flows generally west to the
..... Click the link for more information. district. Dominated by heavy industry, it manufactures iron and steel, chemicals, glass, and clothing. Gelsenkirchen was a small village in 1850, but grew rapidly after the opening of the first coal mines in the 1850s. In 1928 the neighboring towns of Buer and Horst were absorbed by Gelsenkirchen. The city has a fine moated castle (16th–18th cent.), a municipal museum, and a zoological park.
an industrial city in W Germany, in North Rhine-Westphalia. Pop.: 272 445 (2003 est.)