There, towards the end of the twenty-first chapter of the "Laws of Forbidden Marital Relations," Reb Haim showed Isaac that the Rambam, Maimonides, in keeping with the halakhah cited in the gemara
, clearly states that a woman twice widowed was not permitted to marry a third time.
Before "gemeinschaft" was "Gemara
," defined as a part of the Talmud, with variations including "Gemarist" and "Gemaric," but not "Gemart."
Rabbinic commentators further explained both the written and oral law in a book called Gemara
The rabbinic dialectic of the Gemara
richly adorned the supreme value of public prayer with a nimbus of pious precepts.
The most traditional movement is Orthodox Judaism, which upholds the divine and immutable authority of the Hebrew Bible and the Oral Law, including the Midrashim, the Mishnah and Gemara
of the Talmud, works of the Rishonim and Aharonim, and decisions by rabbinical scholars today.
(9) Another major source is the Oral Law (the Talmud), which consists of the Mishnah and Gemara
. (10) These are redactions, interpretations, and extensions of the written Torah.
The Bible is referred to as the Written Law, as contrasted with the Oral Law, a set of rabbinic commentaries on the Bible including the Mishna and Gemara
, which together constitute the Talmud.
The Talmud is the compilation of ancient Jewish oral law, and consists of the Mishna and the Gemara
. The two versions of the Talmud are the Jerusalem Talmud, a product of the academies in Israel, and the Babylonian Talmud, a product of the academies in Babylon.
The Talmud consists of the Mishnah and Gemara
. The Mishnah is divided into six orders and although its origins are disputed, the majority view maintains that it was written by Rabbi Judah Ha-Nasi at the end of the 2nd century C.E.
The Mishnah, however, is never studied on its own but rather within the context of ensuing commentary, the Gemara
(the Jerusalem and Babylonian Talmuds), redacted several centuries later.