Gemayel


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Gemayel

(zhĕmī`əl), Maronite Christian family active in Lebanese politics; leaders of the Phalange party (1937–82), and later the Phalange militia. Pierre Gemayel, 1905–84, founded the right-wing Phalange movement in the early 1930s. In 1937 he became leader of the official Phalange party, representing Lebanon's large Maronite community. Pierre was elected to parliament in 1960 and was defeated twice (1964, 1970) when he ran for the presidency. He became head of the Phalange militia, which formed as a result of the civil war that erupted (1975) among the many religious and ethnic groups in Lebanon. Bashir Gemayel, 1947–82, Pierre's younger son, was the militant leader of Phalange forces in the late 1970s, and he reinforced Maronite power. In 1980 he assumed control of the Phalange party. Under controversial circumstances, Bashir was elected in Sept., 1982, as Lebanon's next president; less than two weeks later he was assassinated. He was replaced by his older brother, Amin Gemayel, 1942–, a lawyer, businessman, and member of the Lebanese parliament from 1970. Far less radical than the other members of his family and with no real authority, Amin provided weak leadership until his presidential term ended in 1988. With parliament deadlocked over his successor, Gemayel appointed Gen. Michel Aoun interim president, an act that led to two years of warfare and political instability. Subsequently living in exile in France, Gemayel returned to Lebanon in 2000. He ran unsuccessfully for parliament in 2007, seeking to win the seat held by his son Pierre before he was assassinated (2006).

See also LebanonLebanon
, officially Lebanese Republic, republic (2015 est. pop. 5,851,000), 4,015 sq mi (10,400 sq km), SW Asia. The country is bordered on the west by the Mediterranean Sea, on the north and east by Syria and on the south by Israel. The capital is Beirut.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: Kataeb Party leader Sami Gemayel Wednesday encouraged Sleiman Frangieh, leader of the Marada Movement, to raise his voice in opposition to the government.
NNA - Kateaeb Party chief MP Samy Gemayel, on Tuesday welcomed the new British Ambassador to Lebanon, Chris Rampling, at the Kataeb's Central House in Saifi.
M2 EQUITYBITES-September 21, 2015-Momenta Pharmaceuticals elects Dr Georges Gemayel to board
Beirut: If a plot targeting Lebanese community leaders proves to be true, the country needs to reevaluate its security agreement with Syria, Ameen Gemayel, leader of the Phalange Party and former Lebanese President said on Monday in a press conference.
Following the caustic war of words between Hizbullah MP Nawwaf al-Moussawi and Phalange MP Sami Gemayel on Wednesday, Moussawi took the initiative and apologized for insulting his Christian rival.
11 that the right-wing Christian Phalange Party, led by former President Amin Gemayel, is still incapable of ridding itself of the struggle for power and the long-time ruling of the Gemayel family, which has put the party in the hands of one clan.
14, 1982 murder of then Lebanese President-elect Bashir Gemayel, his son and March 14 MP Nadim Gemayel on Sept.
Bathish METN/BEIRUT--Fifteen minutes after Free Patriotic Movement leader MP Michel Aoun announced the FPM's victory in the Metn by-election, former President Amin Gemayel, disputing Aoun's claims, declared that the Christians in the Metn had voted for the March 14 track.
Pierre Gemayel, a cabinet member in the pro-Western government of Fouad Siniora, was shot and killed by three gunmen who rammed his car in a Christian neighbourhood of Beirut.
The assassination of Pierre Gemayel, an anti-Syrian politician and figurehead of Lebanon's most prominent Christian fa mily, has deepened divisions in the war-torn country at a time when Hezbollah and other parties allied with Syria are planning a massive wave of street protests aimed at toppling Prime Minister Fuad Saniora's government unless it is changes to give them more power.
Amin Gemayel, a Christian leader whose alliance with the US against Syria during Lebanon's civil war forced him into exile, returns for the 1st time in 8 years.
Four days later, Bashir Gemayel, the head of the Christian Phalange Militia, who, under Israeli sponsorhip, was about to be installed as the new president of Lebanon, was blown up by a bomb at his headquarters.