Geminates


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Geminates

 

double consonants.

(1) Consonants in the articulation of which there occurs a delay in breaking (for example, Russian t in ottogo or d in poddal).

(2) Two identical consonants in the body of a word (for example, Russian vanna; French immense; and Italian femmina).

References in periodicals archive ?
Unlike final geminate consonant in the following structure the medial geminate consonant is not shown with colon (:) instead CC is used so that a clear view of the words in light of MOP be presented.
He gives only a geminate -nn, except for n- initial suffixes (as with Oman and Yemen), and he has u for the vowel.
If we asume that syllable structure is erected on the skeletal tier, then the reduction rule operating in the--cvcV context will apply in [malak+im] but block in [sapp+ir], because the skeletal c--slot forming the first half of the geminate closes the syllable in exactly the same way as the c--slot associated with the first consonant of the [lg] clusters in [galgal+im] does.
Above we were concerned with the situation when the base ends in a single sonorant, in which case it occupies the coda position, and its nucleus has only a single slot at its disposal; if the verbal base ends in a geminate nasal, it is shortened or degeminated.
Since geminate consonants are moraic (Hayes 1989; Watson 2002; Davis 2011), they add to the weight of the word and make it eligible to receive stress, as in: jakk < jaek 'jack', blikk < blpk 'block', dimm < dim 'dim', sill < sil 'shell'.
The general rule is that during this process geminate consonants have emerged out of intervocalic singletons before the syllables that contained long vowels and diphthongs, e.g.
The above discussion shows that geminates occur in many languages of the world and have been the source of hot debate in literature regarding their particular behaviour, their phonetic implementation, their phonological representation.
(40) Since all of the substantives in (12) involve weak roots, it seems more likely that they result from root variation between geminate and Ill-weak roots.
The author further observes that "[t]he central and southern Italian dialects (including Standard Italian) have both geminates and long vowels.
In addition, geminates, if sporadically, occupy positions in which etymological reasons exclude the shortness of the preceding vowel (cf.
Such identical consonants or geminates are attested to be phonemic in some languages like Italian, e.g.
In the current paper, durations of short and long voiceless geminates in trisyllabic as well as tetraand pentasyllabic words are analyzed.