Anton Ivanovich Denikin

(redirected from General Denikin)
Anton Ivanovich Denikin
BirthplaceWłocławek, Warsaw Governorate, Privislinsky Krai
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Denikin, Anton Ivanovich


Born Dec. 4 (16), 1872, near Warsaw; died Aug. 8, 1947, in Ann Arbor, Mich. One of the main leaders of the all-Russian counterrevolution during the Civil War (1918-20); lieutenant general (1916). Born into the family of an officer.

Denikin graduated from the Kiev Infantry Junker School (1892) and the Academy of the General Staff (1899). During World War I he commanded a brigade, a division, and from the autumn of 1916 the 8th Army Corps on the Rumanian front. In April-May 1917 he was chief of staff of the supreme commander in chief and then commanded the troops of the western and southwestern fronts. He was an active participant in the Kornilovshchina. On Nov. 19 (Dec. 2), 1917, along with L. G. Kornilov, he fled from the Bykhov prison to the Don River, where he took part in the creation of the Volunteer Army, which he headed after Kornilov’s death on Apr. 13, 1918. In the autumn of 1918, with the aid of the Entente, Denikin became commander in chief of the counterrevolutionary Armed Forces of the South of Russia and Admiral A. V. Kolchak’s deputy supreme ruler of Russia. In the summer and autumn of 1919 he led a campaign on Moscow. After the White Guards were routed in March 1920, Denikin and the remnants of the army evacuated to the Crimea. There on April 4 he turned over the command to General P. N. Wrangel and departed on an English destroyer for Constantinople.

In his political views he sympathized with the Constitutional Democrats (Cadets) and supported a bourgeois parliamentary republic. Although he remained an enemy of Soviet Power to the end of his life, in 1939 he appealed to White emigres not to support fascist Germany in the event that it fought a war against the USSR. He is the author of memoirs on the Civil War (Essays on the Russian Disturbances, vols. 1-5, Paris, Berlin, 1921-26; in an abridged version, The Campaign on Moscow, Moscow, 1928).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In late 1919, British Foreign Secretary Lord Curzon appointed Mackinder to the post of High Commissioner to South Russia, effectively Britain's liaison to the White forces under Russian General Denikin who were challenging the new Bolshevik regime.
He forced the White Russian commander, General Denikin, to promise Georgia and its neighbors independence because the British wanted to control the Baku-Batumi railway bringing oil from the Caspian to the Black Sea.
Why did Migulin, a commander of the Red Coccacks, decide on his own to lead his men against the White General Denikin, an act which led to Migulin's arrest, a death sentence and a last-minute Dostoyevskian pardon?
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