General Union of Workers

General Union of Workers

 

(Unión General de Trabajadores), a Spanish trade-union association affiliated with the Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party. The General Union of Workers was established at a founding congress on Aug. 14-18, 1888, in Barcelona. The membership of the UGT rose from more than 15,000 in 1899 to more than 120,000 in 1914. The membership was about 500,000 in 1935 and about 2 million during the National Revolutionary War of 1936-39.

The General Union of Workers played an important role in rallying the toiling people and in organizing the struggle for the eight-hour day, equal pay for equal work, social legislation, and other demands. In August 1917 it led a general political strike. From 1923 to 1929 the reformist leadership of the union collaborated with the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera. However, as early as 1930 the General Union of Workers participated in the activity of the antimonarchist opposition, and it contributed to the establishment of the Republic in 1931.

In 1934 a left wing was formed in the union, advocating united action with the Communist Party against fascism. During the National Revolutionary War of 1936-39 the General Union of Workers participated in the Popular Front; in 1938 it signed a pact with the National Confederation of Labor on united action for the organization and management of the industry of the Spanish Republic. After the establishment of Franco’s dictatorship in 1939, the General Union of Workers was suppressed. In France the union leaders set up the General Union of Workers in Emigration, which is affiliated with the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions.

J. GARCIA

References in periodicals archive ?
The efforts of the Ministry of Manpower, in cooperation with the General Union of Workers in the Construction and Wood Industries, the Suez Bags Company and the Trade Union Administrative Committee, have succeeded in extending a collective labor agreement, paying 50% of the basic salary and 6-6 months of salary.
Al-Qadri, for his part, relayed the Syrian people's appreciation for the clear and unequivocal stances of the Portuguese General Union of Workers since the beginning of the crisis in support of Syria in the fight against terrorism.
A joint statement from General Union of Workers (UGT), Workers' Commissions (CCOO), Catalan National Assembly (ANC) and 41 other organizations called for the work stoppage due to "the grave violation of rights and freedoms."
Muscat, Sept 23 (ONA) The General Union of Workers of the Sultanate of Oman will organize tomorrow (Sunday) in cooperation with the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the Public Authority for Social Insurance (PASI) a training workshop on social protection.
The reduction of salaries and the sustained repression of the activities carried out by the unions and affinity groups linked to the FOA (Argentine Workers Federation), the UGT (General Union of Workers), and the FORA (Argentine Regional Workers' Federation) led to open rebellion in 1920.
by ONA General Union of Workers of the Sultanate yesterday celebrated the opening of its permanent headquarters and investment building in Ghala in the Governorate of Muscat.
The strikers also demanded better wages due to skyrocketing prices and as per the negotiations between the Ministry of Manpower, the General Union of Workers of the Sultanate and the company.
In his word, Castro Abdullah of the General Union of Workers' Syndicates vowed to keep fighting until a total change in the present situation is affected.
The Arbitration Committee headed by a judge includes a representative of the Minister to be selected by him, a representative of the Qatar Chamber of Commerce and Industry to be selected by its chairman and a representative of the workers to be selected by the Qatar General Union of Workers. The Arbitration Committee shall issue the final decisions in the collective work-related disputes.
Mohammed Al-Jadari, head of the General Union of Workers Syndicate was also in attendance.
The International Federation of Building and Wood Workers (IFBWW) approved membership of the General Union of Workers in Construction in the FederationAAEs executive and world councils.President of the General Union of Workers in Construction Mahmoud Hiyari said the union received the letter of approval after elections that were held during a meeting of the Federation in the French city of Lille last December to elect secretary general, president and members of the two councils.This membership is deemed one of the top positions in the federation which has 12 million workers as members, he said
President of the General Union of Workers in Construction Mahmoud Hiyari said the union received the letter of approval after elections that were held during a meeting of federation in the French city of Lille last December to elect secretary general, president and members of the two councils.

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