James Wolfe

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Wolfe, James,

1727–59, British soldier. After a distinguished record in European campaigns, he was made (1758) second in command to Jeffery Amherst in the last of the French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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. Through his skillful siege operations, he became a hero of the capture of Louisburg (1758) from the French, and he was rewarded with the command of an expedition against the French at Quebec, which he himself had urged. After frontal attacks on the positions of General MontcalmMontcalm, Louis Joseph de
, 1712–59, French general. His name in fuller form was Louis Joseph de Montcalm-Gozon, marquis de Saint-Véran. A veteran of the War of the Polish Succession and the War of the Austrian Succession, he was sent (1756) to defend Canada in the
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 at Quebec had failed, Wolfe took 5,000 men in boats down the St. Lawrence by night and forced an open battle with the French on the Plains of AbrahamAbraham, Plains of,
fairly level field adjoining the upper part of the city of Quebec, Canada. There, in 1759, the English under Gen. James Wolfe defeated the French under Gen. Louis Montcalm.
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 (Sept. 13, 1759). The British were victorious, but both Wolfe and Montcalm were killed. The battle was decisive in the fall of New France to the British. Wolfe is vividly portrayed in Thackeray's Virginians.


See biographies by C. Hibbert (1959) and D. R. Robin (1960); F. Parkman, Montcalm and Wolfe (1884); R. Howard, Wolfe at Quebec (1965).

References in classic literature ?
This last, led by General Wolfe, was to enter the St.
General Wolfe was at the head of his soldiers, and, while encouraging them onward, received a mortal wound.
Poulter would continue, on coming to a pause in his discipline; "they'd better not talk to me about General Wolfe.
I have seldom met with a man in your line of business that could do so much; for one other touch might make this figure of General Wolfe, for instance, a breathing and intelligent human creature.
123 2 General Wolfe won the Peter Marsh Chase in 1998 and 1999.
1759: The British under General Wolfe won the Battle of Quebec - but Wolfe was shot and died in the fighting.
1759: The British under General Wolfe won the Battle of Quebec: Wolfe, and the French commander Montcalm, died in the fighting.
1321: Italian poet Dante Alighieri died in Ravenna 1759: The British under General Wolfe won the Battle of Quebec - but Wolfe was shot and died in the fighting.
A donated painting and statuette, both representing General James Wolfe, were installed to complement the ROM's epic painting The Death of General Wolfe (1776), by Benjamin West.
28-34 and noted the names of those listed, commencing with General Wolfe, who were Freemasons.
A daring raid by Cook and Christopher charted a safe path to Quebec where General Wolfe overcame the French, placing Canada under British rule.
Topics include the monument to General Wolfe in Westminster Abbey as a legitimization of the British Empire, representations of the British West Indian colonies during the American Revolutionary War as mobilizers of public opinion, festival celebrations commemorating French military heroes as attempts to legitimate the early Napoleonic regime, and the construction of meaning in the display of battlefield artifacts from Waterloo.

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