Genetic Information


Also found in: Medical.

Genetic Information

 

information about the composition, structure, and nature of the exchange of substances constituting the organism (chiefly proteins and nucleic acids) and related functions that is contained in the hereditary structures of organisms (in the chromosomes, cytoplasm, cell organelles) and that is obtained from ancestors in the form of genes. In multicellular organisms with sexual reproduction, genetic information is transmitted from generation to generation through the sex cells or gametes, whose only function is to transmit and store genetic information. Microorganisms and viruses have special types of transmission of genetic information (such as transduction and transformation). Genetic information is contained chiefly in the chromosomes, where it is coded in a definite linear sequence of nucleotides in molecules of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Genetic information is realized in the course of ontogeny—development of the individual—by the transmission of genetic information from gene to character. All cells arise as a result of the division of a single original cell, the zygote, and therefore have the same set of genes and potentially the same genetic information. The specificity of the cells of different tissues is due to the fact that different genes are active in them, that is, all the genetic information is not realized, only the part required for the particular tissue to function.

IU. S. DEMIN

References in periodicals archive ?
(NYSE: NVTA) brings comprehensive genetic information into mainstream medicine to improve healthcare for bns of people.
Researchers from the group of Marvin Tanenbaum at the Hubrecht Institute have shown that translation of the genetic information stored in our DNA is much more complex than previously thought.
Discrimination based on genetic information was not a widespread social
CombiMatrix specialises in providing genetic information for prenatal diagnosis, miscarriage analysis and diagnosis of pediatric developmental disorders.
In a model where prevention actions reduce the probability of disease for high-risk individuals, Hoel and Iversen (2002) examine two regulatory issues: the insurers' access to the policyholders' genetic information and the mix of compulsory and private health insurance.
The question for the court was whether the information requested from the DNA testing center was considered the employees' "genetic information." The employer argued that genetic information meant information relating to an individual's propensity for disease, and because the DNA test results at issue had no such information, it was not covered by the statute.
If, within one of these exceptions, an employer does hold your child's genetic information, they will keep it in a distinct and confidential medical file.
It is hoped genetic information provided by these patients will help medics tailor treatments for future generations who are likely to inherit the disease.
--to pay nearly $190,000 for requiring job applicants to answer unlawful medical and genetic information inquiries.
In this particular case, though, the way genetic information necessary for the protein production process was changed--through a swap of three nucleotides for three others that are completely out of place--never has been seen before.
In May, the commission announced it had filed a class action against the rehabilitation and nursing facility Founders Pavilion Inc., citing the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA).