Geneva Conference


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Geneva Conference,

any of various international meetings held at Geneva, Switzerland. Some of the more important ones are discussed here. 1 International conference held Apr.–July, 1954, to restore peace in KoreaKorea
, Korean Hanguk or Choson, region and historic country (85,049 sq mi/220,277 sq km), E Asia. A peninsula, 600 mi (966 km) long, Korea separates the Sea of Japan (called the East Sea by Koreans) on the east from the Yellow Sea (and Korea Bay [or West Korea
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 and IndochinaIndochina,
Fr. Indochine, former federation of states, SE Asia. It comprised the French colony of Cochin China and the French protectorates of Tonkin, Annam, Laos, and Cambodia (Cochin China, Tonkin, and Annam were later united to form Vietnam). The capital was Hanoi.
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. The chief participants were the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, France, the People's Republic of China, North Korea, South Korea, Vietnam, the Viet Minh party, Laos, and Cambodia. No agreement was reached on transforming the Korean armistice into a permanent peace, but three agreements were reached providing for an armistice and political settlement in Indochina. (For the main terms, see VietnamVietnam
, officially Socialist Republic of Vietnam, republic (2005 est. pop. 83,536,000), 128,400 sq mi (332,642 sq km), Southeast Asia. Occupying the eastern coastline of the Southeast Asian peninsula, Vietnam is bounded by China on the north, by Laos and Cambodia on the west,
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; CambodiaCambodia
, Khmer Kampuchea, officially Kingdom of Cambodia, constitutional monarchy (2005 est. pop. 13,607,000), 69,898 sq mi (181,035 sq km), SE Asia. Cambodia is bordered by Thailand on the west and north, by Laos on the north, by Vietnam on the east, and by the Gulf of
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; LaosLaos
, officially Lao People's Democratic Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 6,217,000), 91,428 sq mi (236,800 sq km), SE Asia. A landlocked nation, Laos is bordered by China on the north, by Vietnam on the east, by Cambodia on the south, and by Thailand and Myanmar on the west.
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.) 2 The so-called Summit Conference, held in July, 1955, was an attempt to restore mutual trust between East and West. President Dwight D. Eisenhower (United States), Premier Nikolai Bulganin and First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev (Soviet Union), Prime Minister Anthony Eden (Great Britain), and Premier Edgar Faure (France) discussed German reunification, European security, disarmament, and cultural and economic interchange. Although no substantive agreements were reached, the meeting closed on a note of optimism. Directives were issued for a meeting of the foreign ministers of the four countries to be held later that year to reach agreement on German reunification, disarmament, and other issues. For the Geneva conferences of foreign ministers in 1955 and 1959, see Foreign Ministers, Council ofForeign Ministers, Council of,
organization of the foreign ministers of the World War II Allies—the United States, Great Britain, France, and the USSR—that, in a long series of meetings, attempted to reach political settlements after the war.
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. 3 Conference beginning Oct., 1958, between Great Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union, held in an attempt to reach an accord on banning tests of nuclear weapons. Since then, most international meetings held at Geneva have concerned the basic problems of the limitation of nuclear arms and provisions for international inspection and control. The UN Disarmament Commission, which began meeting in Geneva in 1960, has met there permanently since 1962. See disarmament, nucleardisarmament, nuclear,
the reduction and limitation of the various nuclear weapons in the military forces of the world's nations. The atomic bombs dropped (1945) on Japan by the United States in World War II demonstrated the overwhelming destructive potential of nuclear weapons
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Iran was not invited to the first Geneva conference two years ago, and while the country primarily received an invitation to take part in the second Geneva conference, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon later rescinded the invitation under pressure from the United States, Saudi Arabia, and the foreign-backed Syrian opposition.
Speaking at a Geneva Conference on Media, Culture and Human Dialogue, Rifi considered that "the current gloomy scene is a natural result of the absence of human dialogue and the interrupted communication between people.
CAIRO, Sept 14 (KUNA) -- Secretary-General of the Arab League Nabil Al-Araby and UN Envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura concurred here Monday that the statement of the Geneva Conference I was the only way to find a political solution to the Syrian crisis.
Okaz, Al-Sharq, Al-Watan, and Al-Madinah newspapers commented on Yemen, saying that surely the responsibility for the failure of the Geneva Conference will be borne by Al-Houthi group and deposed Saleh who lagged in participation in the Conference and fabricated flimsy excuses to justify their absence from it, especially that the Geneva conference is only between the two parties including the legitimate government and Houthi militias and deposed Saleh with one agenda for the implementation of United Nations resolution 2216.
SANA'A, June 07 (Saba) A' Ansarullah spokesman Mohammed Abdul Salam welcomed on Sunday the United Nations' call to participate in the Geneva conference without setting any preconditions.
Rally in Aleppo in support of Syrian Arab Army People from the town of al-Safira and nearby villages in Aleppo province organized a rally to express support for the Syrian Army and the Syrian government's delegation participating in the Geneva conference.
NNA - UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-Moon, announced on Monday in a press conference that the Geneva Conference on Syria would take place on January 22, 2014.
Zebari said in a statement to the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA /, on the sidelines of the emergency meeting of Arab foreign ministers held in Cairo: "The Geneva conference represents an important opportunity that we must avoid missing it, in order to create a positive atmosphere, and avoid setting preconditions, which could be an obstacle to hold the conference.
The two sides also discussed issues of common interest as well as the developments in the region in addition to the latest developments of the Syrian crisis and the ongoing talks and consultations on holding Geneva Conference II.
To that end, the UK will host a meeting of the London 11 foreign ministers on Tuesday next week, to discuss preparations for the Geneva Conference, support for the Syrian National Coalition, and our efforts to achieve a political settlement to this tragic conflict.
Geneva, (SANA delegate)- Deputy Foreign and Expatriates Minister, Member of Syria's official delegation to Geneva conference Fayssal Mikdad said "We are deeply regretful that this round of talks didn't achieve any progress.
NEW YORK, Jan 16 (KUNA) -- The Syrian government announced Thursday that it will attend the UN-sponsored Geneva conference for Syria peace planned next week, but voiced rejection to the declared agenda of the conference.