Geneva Conference

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Geneva Conference,

any of various international meetings held at Geneva, Switzerland. Some of the more important ones are discussed here. 1 International conference held Apr.–July, 1954, to restore peace in KoreaKorea
, Korean Hanguk or Choson, region and historic country (85,049 sq mi/220,277 sq km), E Asia. A peninsula, 600 mi (966 km) long, Korea separates the Sea of Japan (called the East Sea by Koreans) on the east from the Yellow Sea (and Korea Bay [or West Korea
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 and IndochinaIndochina,
Fr. Indochine, former federation of states, SE Asia. It comprised the French colony of Cochin China and the French protectorates of Tonkin, Annam, Laos, and Cambodia (Cochin China, Tonkin, and Annam were later united to form Vietnam). The capital was Hanoi.
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. The chief participants were the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, France, the People's Republic of China, North Korea, South Korea, Vietnam, the Viet Minh party, Laos, and Cambodia. No agreement was reached on transforming the Korean armistice into a permanent peace, but three agreements were reached providing for an armistice and political settlement in Indochina. (For the main terms, see VietnamVietnam
, officially Socialist Republic of Vietnam, republic (2005 est. pop. 83,536,000), 128,400 sq mi (332,642 sq km), Southeast Asia. Occupying the eastern coastline of the Southeast Asian peninsula, Vietnam is bounded by China on the north, by Laos and Cambodia on the west,
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; CambodiaCambodia
, Khmer Kampuchea, officially Kingdom of Cambodia, constitutional monarchy (2005 est. pop. 13,607,000), 69,898 sq mi (181,035 sq km), SE Asia. Cambodia is bordered by Thailand on the west and north, by Laos on the north, by Vietnam on the east, and by the Gulf of
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; LaosLaos
, officially Lao People's Democratic Republic, republic (2005 est. pop. 6,217,000), 91,428 sq mi (236,800 sq km), SE Asia. A landlocked nation, Laos is bordered by China on the north, by Vietnam on the east, by Cambodia on the south, and by Thailand and Myanmar on the west.
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.) 2 The so-called Summit Conference, held in July, 1955, was an attempt to restore mutual trust between East and West. President Dwight D. Eisenhower (United States), Premier Nikolai Bulganin and First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev (Soviet Union), Prime Minister Anthony Eden (Great Britain), and Premier Edgar Faure (France) discussed German reunification, European security, disarmament, and cultural and economic interchange. Although no substantive agreements were reached, the meeting closed on a note of optimism. Directives were issued for a meeting of the foreign ministers of the four countries to be held later that year to reach agreement on German reunification, disarmament, and other issues. For the Geneva conferences of foreign ministers in 1955 and 1959, see Foreign Ministers, Council ofForeign Ministers, Council of,
organization of the foreign ministers of the World War II Allies—the United States, Great Britain, France, and the USSR—that, in a long series of meetings, attempted to reach political settlements after the war.
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. 3 Conference beginning Oct., 1958, between Great Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union, held in an attempt to reach an accord on banning tests of nuclear weapons. Since then, most international meetings held at Geneva have concerned the basic problems of the limitation of nuclear arms and provisions for international inspection and control. The UN Disarmament Commission, which began meeting in Geneva in 1960, has met there permanently since 1962. See disarmament, nucleardisarmament, nuclear,
the reduction and limitation of the various nuclear weapons in the military forces of the world's nations. The atomic bombs dropped (1945) on Japan by the United States in World War II demonstrated the overwhelming destructive potential of nuclear weapons
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References in periodicals archive ?
lu, in the context of statements he made yesterday in Cte d'Ivoire that it wasn't possible, at the Geneva Conference, for Turkey to accept a "foolish proposal" that provided for the abolition of the "right" to unilateral intervention, abolition of the guarantees, and withdrawal of the Turkish occupation troops from Cyprus on a timeframe is the greatest proof of Turkey's clear responsibility for the impasse at the Conference on Cyprus and the collapse of the talks.
Following weeks of haggling over procedure, the leaders of the two communities President Nicos Anastasiades and Mustafa Akinci agreed to resume the Geneva conference on Cyprus on June 28, with Cyprus' three guarantor powers -- the United Kingdom, Turkey, and Greece -- and the European Union as an observer.
The Geneva conference acquires prime importance after the recent UN reports on a wide scale tragedy in Yemen.
TEHRAN (FNA)- A prominent Syrian analyst said the Geneva Conference on Syria is most likely to postpone to a future date due to deep rifts among the opposition and Damascus and Moscow's strong stance against the terrorist groups' partnership in the talks.
Speaking at a Geneva Conference on Media, Culture and Human Dialogue, Rifi considered that "the current gloomy scene is a natural result of the absence of human dialogue and the interrupted communication between people.
Okaz, Al-Sharq, Al-Watan, and Al-Madinah newspapers commented on Yemen, saying that surely the responsibility for the failure of the Geneva Conference will be borne by Al-Houthi group and deposed Saleh who lagged in participation in the Conference and fabricated flimsy excuses to justify their absence from it, especially that the Geneva conference is only between the two parties including the legitimate government and Houthi militias and deposed Saleh with one agenda for the implementation of United Nations resolution 2216.
SANA'A, June 07 (Saba) A' Ansarullah spokesman Mohammed Abdul Salam welcomed on Sunday the United Nations' call to participate in the Geneva conference without setting any preconditions.
Muscat: Yousef bin Alawi bin Abdullah, Minister Responsible for Foreign Affairs, received in the premises of the Foreign Ministry here on Saturday, Ismail Wald Al Sheikh Ahmed, special envoy of the UN Secretary General to Yemen, who is visiting the Sultanate as part of his tour to gather support for holding the Geneva Conference on Yemen.
It is mentioned that the former Yezidi MP, Sheriff Sulaiman demanded earlier to involve representatives of the Yezidi component in the Iraqi delegation participating in Geneva Conference on Human Rights.
Kerry told the Geneva conference in Montreux, Switzerland that Assad had lost the legitimacy to govern, as he was the one who led the brutal response to his own people.
Ban Ki-moon's decision to invite Iran made a mockery of the preparations for the gathering, as he conveniently forgot to explain why a country that never endorsed the first Geneva conference deserved to be a part of round two.
The first Geneva conference called for the Syrian government and opposition to form a transitional government "by mutual consent," a phrase Western opponents of Assad say rules out any role for Assad.