Geneva Conventions

(redirected from Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War)

Geneva Conventions,

series of treaties signed (1864–1949) in Geneva, Switzerland, providing for humane treatment of combatants and civilians in wartime. The first convention, signed by 16 nations, covered the protection of sick and wounded soldiers and medical personnel and facilities, and was instrumental in the development of the International Committee of the Red CrossRed Cross,
international organization concerned with the alleviation of human suffering and the promotion of public health; the world-recognized symbols of mercy and absolute neutrality are the Red Cross, the Red Crescent, and the Red Crystal flags and emblems.
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. Later conventions extended (1906) the first to naval warfare and covered (1929) the treatment of prisoners of warprisoner of war,
in international law, person captured by a belligerent while fighting in the military. International law includes rules on the treatment of prisoners of war but extends protection only to combatants.
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. As a result of World War II, particularly of the conduct of Germany and Japan, four conventions were adopted in 1949 to strengthen and codify earlier treaties and safeguard civilians. Amendments have since been made through additional protocols.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ukrainian officials have been referring to the arrested 24 sailors as POWs -- something Moscow says goes against the 1949 Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War.
government, however, determined that al-Qaeda terrorists and members of the Taliban captured during the course of this conflict did not meet the requirements of prisoners of war and, as such, were not entitled to the protections of the Third Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (GCIII).
(79) International Committee of the Red Cross, Commentary: III Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (1960) at 52.
(9) This status assumes that the commando raids occur during an international armed conflict and that the defeated enemy soldiers are lawful combatants who are entitled, if captured, to POW status under the 1949 Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. See infra notes 11-18 and accompanying text.
The Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War (GPW) governs the definition, classification, and treatment of POWs.
(6) There are four Conventions, the most relevant of which is The Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, August 12, 1949, 6 U.S.T.

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