Geneva Conventions

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Related to Geneva Conventions: International humanitarian law

Geneva Conventions,

series of treaties signed (1864–1949) in Geneva, Switzerland, providing for humane treatment of combatants and civilians in wartime. The first convention, signed by 16 nations, covered the protection of sick and wounded soldiers and medical personnel and facilities, and was instrumental in the development of the International Committee of the Red CrossRed Cross,
international organization concerned with the alleviation of human suffering and the promotion of public health; the world-recognized symbols of mercy and absolute neutrality are the Red Cross, the Red Crescent, and the Red Crystal flags and emblems.
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. Later conventions extended (1906) the first to naval warfare and covered (1929) the treatment of prisoners of warprisoner of war,
in international law, person captured by a belligerent while fighting in the military. International law includes rules on the treatment of prisoners of war but extends protection only to combatants.
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. As a result of World War II, particularly of the conduct of Germany and Japan, four conventions were adopted in 1949 to strengthen and codify earlier treaties and safeguard civilians. Amendments have since been made through additional protocols.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Article 35(2) of the Geneva Conventions History & Background
(Immediately after Obama was inaugurated he stopped the practice and later acknowledged that 'waterboarding' was a form of torture) Previously the War Crimes Act made it a felony to commit ''violations" of the Geneva Conventions Common Article 3 (a major international agreement forbidding cruel and degrading treatment of prisoners).
The 'Declaration Concerning the Laws of Naval War' from 1909 constitutes part of the footing for the Geneva Convention and other laws, and therefore is cited here to give an example for circumstances under which blockades are permitted:
Geneva Conventions. In that case, Executive concerns over the existing
Supreme Court determined that the conflict with al Qaeda was a global, non-international armed conflict to which Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 applied because that seemed to be the only part of the Conventions that could apply to nonstate actors.
The law of war, or law of armed conflict (LOAC) as it is often called and set forth in both customary and conventional law such as the Geneva Conventions, provides a clear framework for detention for the duration of hostilities.
Speaking on behalf of the legislature Monday, August 13, at Commemoration of the 70th Anniversary of the Geneva Conventions organized by the Liberian National Red Cross Society (LNRCS), the Liberian IHL Committee (LIHLC) and the Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL) with support of the International Committee of the Red Cross Liberia Office, Senator Wesseh said he and Senator Zargo will spend more time to ensuring smooth passage of the domestication convention bill that is expected to be submitted to the legislature.
Even today, the Geneva Conventions represent one of the greatest achievements of interstate cooperation.
Indian Army using cluster ammunition along LoC deliberately targeting Civilian population is a violation of the Geneva Convention and international humanitarian law.
Yet the Geneva Conventions and the ICC are constantly being undermined, often in novel ways.
Notably the four 1949 Geneva Conventions and the two 1977 Additional Protocols also focus on the protection of persons not taking part in hostilities.

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