Geneva Protocol


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Geneva Protocol:

see protocolprotocol
, term referring to rules governing diplomatic conduct or to a variety of written instruments. Examples of the latter are authenticated minutes of international conferences; preliminary agreements, or statements of principle, which eventuate in a formal treaty; and
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Geneva Protocol

 

(1925; full name, Geneva Protocol on the Prohibition in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Such Gases and of Bacteriological Weapons), the principal international agreement concerning the prohibition of chemical and bacteriological warfare. The parties to the Geneva Protocol confirmed their recognition of the ban on the use of chemical weapons and agreed to extend this ban to bacteriological weapons. As of Jan. 1, 1972, the Geneva Protocol had been signed and ratified by 29 states, and 36 states had signed the protocol or acceded to it without ratifying it.

The USSR ratified the Geneva Protocol in 1928, making two reservations in signing it: first, the protocol would obli-gate the USSR government only with respect to states that have signed and ratified or definitively acceded to the protocol; second, the government of the USSR would cease to observe the protocol with respect to any enemy state whose armed forces or whose formal or de facto allies disregarded the prohibitory substance of the protocol. The term of the Geneva Protocol is unlimited, and the signatories have committed themselves to exert every effort to induce other coun-tries to accede to the protocol.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Weeks after Borah recommitted the Geneva Protocol, Henry D.
Chief Justice Roberts and the Bond majority were apparently unaware of the critical differences between the 1925 Geneva Protocol and the 1993 CWC.
(149) In other words, the law regulating the armed conflict--in this case Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions, custom, domestic law, and Additional Geneva Protocol II--applies functionally, rather than territorially.
287 [hereinafter Geneva Convention IV]; Geneva Protocol I, supra note 9, art.
The Geneva Protocol, 1925: Bans the use of poison gas and bacteriological weapons in warfare.
One of the Department's smallest offices is tasked with one complicated mission: analyzing and understanding the 1972 Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention and the 1925 Geneva Protocol. The 10 people in the Office of Biological Weapons Affairs walk a very thin line, simply because the very factors that sustain life can also destroy it.
Thank God, this principle, which the British first rejected, was later appreciated by them and has now become the main cornerstone of International Human Rights Law, otherwise known as the Geneva Protocol, of 12 August 1949, and subsequent addition, Protocol (2) of 1977.
In international armed conflict, this IHRL consensus is complemented by two IHL treaties: the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 on Protection of Civilians (Geneva IV), (49) joined by 194 State Parties including the U.S., (50) and Additional Geneva Protocol I of 1977 (Geneva Protocol I), (51) with 167 State Parties.
The Geneva Protocol of 1925 was a no-first-use pledge not to use chemical or biological weapons.
1924 The Geneva Protocol was adopted as a means to strengthen the League of Nations.
Despite the 1925 Geneva Protocol, which prohibited the use but not the development, production, or stockpiling of chemical weapons, the weapons retained their appeal.
This paper examines the applicability of the 1925 Geneva Protocol and the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) to the unconventional counterterrorist in the arena of the GWOT operations of today.