Geneva Protocol


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Geneva Protocol:

see protocolprotocol
, term referring to rules governing diplomatic conduct or to a variety of written instruments. Examples of the latter are authenticated minutes of international conferences; preliminary agreements, or statements of principle, which eventuate in a formal treaty; and
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Geneva Protocol

 

(1925; full name, Geneva Protocol on the Prohibition in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Such Gases and of Bacteriological Weapons), the principal international agreement concerning the prohibition of chemical and bacteriological warfare. The parties to the Geneva Protocol confirmed their recognition of the ban on the use of chemical weapons and agreed to extend this ban to bacteriological weapons. As of Jan. 1, 1972, the Geneva Protocol had been signed and ratified by 29 states, and 36 states had signed the protocol or acceded to it without ratifying it.

The USSR ratified the Geneva Protocol in 1928, making two reservations in signing it: first, the protocol would obli-gate the USSR government only with respect to states that have signed and ratified or definitively acceded to the protocol; second, the government of the USSR would cease to observe the protocol with respect to any enemy state whose armed forces or whose formal or de facto allies disregarded the prohibitory substance of the protocol. The term of the Geneva Protocol is unlimited, and the signatories have committed themselves to exert every effort to induce other coun-tries to accede to the protocol.

References in periodicals archive ?
Weeks after Borah recommitted the Geneva Protocol, Henry D.
Chief Justice Roberts and the Bond majority were apparently unaware of the critical differences between the 1925 Geneva Protocol and the 1993 CWC.
149) In other words, the law regulating the armed conflict--in this case Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions, custom, domestic law, and Additional Geneva Protocol II--applies functionally, rather than territorially.
146; see also Geneva Protocol I, supra note 9, art.
The "minimum" (66) IHL requirements for detention are set forth in Article 75 of Geneva Protocol I, a treaty ratified by the overwhelming majority of States.
centric policy paper recommending that the United States ratify the Geneva Protocol of 1925.
The international community was indifferent to Egypt's flagrant violation of the Geneva Protocol in the mid-to-late 1960s in part because of the Cold War and in part because the United States did not want to risk a backlash against its own use of tear gas and herbicides, notably Agent Orange, in Vietnam.
Restricting the use of asphyxiating gases as a method of warfare, the 1925 Geneva Protocol was an early measure of success in attempts to abolish chemical weapons.
So in 1925, most of the world's countries signed the Geneva Protocol, banning the use of chemical weapons.
36) States reaffirmed the Hague Declaration's prohibition on the use of chemical weapons and expanded the prohibition to include bacteriological methods of warfare in the Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare of 1925 (Geneva Protocol).
Article 51 of the 1977 Geneva Protocol I specifically prohibits attacks 'which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof'.