Gentianales


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Gentianales

[‚jen·chə′nā·lēz]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the subclass Asteridae having well-developed internal phloem and opposite, simple, mostly entire leaves.
References in periodicals archive ?
A-[234], B-[12345], C-[23456], D-[01], E- [12], F-[02], G-[2345], H-[345], I-[124], J-[123], K-[012], L-[013], M-[13], N-[01234], O-[014], P-[123456], Q-[34], R-[03], S-[23], T- [45], U-[1234], V-[0123], W-[14], X-[24], Y-[15] Character 1 Paeoniaceae Paeonia 0 1 0 2 Vitaceae Vitis 0 0 0 -- Acanthaceae Avicennia Lamiales 0 0 D E Acanthaceae Acanthus Lamiales 0 1 D F Actinidiaceae Actinidia Ericales D 1 0 2 Adoxaceae Viburnum Dipsacales 0 0 D F Alseuosmiaceae Alseuosmia Asterales D 1 0 0 Apiaceae Apium Apiales D 0 D 2 Apocynaceae Alstonia Gentianales 0 1 0 D Aquifoliaceae Ilex Aquifoliales 1 0 0 2 Araliaceae Aralia Apiales D 0 0 2 Aralidiaceae Aralidium Apiales 1 ?
Systematic importance of orbicule diversity in Gentianales. Grana 41: 158-182.
Gentianales. Contort petals are common in Gentianaceae and Apocynaceae (Endress, 1999; Endress & Bruyns, 2000) and also occur in some Loganiaceae and Rubiaceae (Schoute, 1935; Robbrecht, 1988).
Secondary pollen presentation and a curious rapture of the style in Spigelia (Spigeliaceae, Gentianales).
[107, 108, 110] GENTIANALES Apocynaceae Carissa macrocarpa [121] Cerbera odollam [121] Hoya carnosa R.
2002, 2003); coffee (Coffea arabica L.; Gentianales: Rubiaceae) (Aguiar-Menezes et al.
For example, Struwe and collaborators have constructed a series of phylogenetic hypotheses for the Gentianales. The addition of taxa and characters have caused changes in tree topology during the development of these systematic studies, especially with respect to generic-level placement.
By 1979 the pest had invaded the Pacific coast of Chiapas spreading rapidly mainly along the coffee (Coffea arabica L.; Gentianales: Rubiaceae) belt as far as 300 km from the Guatemalan border within the State of Oaxaca, which is directly northwest of Chiapas (Gutierrez Samperio 1979; Schwarz et al.
(2000) found weak support for Oncotheca as sister to the entire euasterid I dade of Gentianales, Lamiales, and Solanales (with Garryales subsequently sister to all of them).