Gentianales


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Gentianales

[‚jen·chə′nā·lēz]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the subclass Asteridae having well-developed internal phloem and opposite, simple, mostly entire leaves.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the Laboratory of Plant Systematics (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven), studies currently under way on aluminum hyperaccumulation focus on the asterids (Cornales, Ericales, Gentianales, Aquifoliales) and rosids (especially Myrtales).
Phylogenctic relationships within the Gentianales based on ndhF and rbcL sequences, with particular reference to the Loganiaceae.
A consensus classification for the order Gentianales with additional details on the suborder Apocynineae.
If included they would alter the picture only slightly; in fact, the only major change would be the addition of the Menyanthaceae to the Gentianales by a consensus majority of 61%.
The Gentianales (consisting of the Gentianaceae and Menyanthaceae) occur in Hutchinson's Herbaceae.
No families were reduced to synonymy or transferred out of the Gentianales as he defined it in 1983.
Lastly, a computational analysis by Young and Watson (1970) highlights the taxonomic soundness of the order Gentianales.
The historical, angiosperm-wide classifications of the 1800s had a great influence on present-day concepts within the Gentianales.
It is therefore important to discuss briefly the taxonomic and nomenclatural evolution of the Gentianales.
Historically it was Bartling (1830) who first brought together the families traditionally associated with the Gentianales and to which he applied the name Contortae.
In their Genera Plantarum (1862-1883), Bentham and Hooker defined the Gentianales as containing the Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Gentianaceae, Loganiaceae, Oleaceae, and Salvadoraceae.
Various authors in Engler and Prantl's Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien (1887-1915) dealt with the families of the Gentianales as follows.