Genus of a Curve

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Genus of a Curve


a number characterizing an algebraic curve. The genus of the nth degree curve f(x, y)= 0 is

where r is the number of double points. When more complex singular points are present, they are counted as the corresponding number of double points; for example, a cusp is counted as one double point, and a triple point is counted as two.

Second-degree curves are of genus 0. Third-degree curves can be of genus 0 or 1. For example, yx3= 0 is of genus 1. On the other hand, the semicubical parabola y2 – x3 = 0, which has one cusp, is of genus 0, as is the folium of Descartes x3 + y3 – 3axy = 0, which has one double point. Curves of genus 0 are called unicursal curves.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Then E dominates (via [Pi]) the curve B, and so [p.sub.a](E) [is greater than or equal to] [p.sub.a](B) = q, where [p.sub.a](C) is the arithmetic genus of a curve C.