Geographic Institute

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Geographic Institute


The first specialized geographic institution of higher education in Soviet Russia, founded in Petrograd in 1918 on the basis of the Higher Geographic Courses.

One of the tasks of the Geographic Institute was the preparation of field researchers and scientists (geographers and ethnographers). The scientific work of the Geographic Institute was directed by the Academic College, which later became the Geographic-Economic Scientific Research Institute. In 1925 the Geographic Institute became a special department of Leningrad University. The structure and curriculum of the Geographic Institute were seen as a model for the departments of geography at the universities and pedagogical institutes of the USSR.


Rikhter, G. D. “Pervoe spetsial’noe geograficheskoe vysshee uchebnoe zavedenie.” Izv. AN SSSR: Seriia geograficheskaia, 1968, no. 6.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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