South Pole

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Related to Geographic South Pole: Geographic North Pole

South Pole,

southern end of the earth's axis, by convention at lat. 90° S. Because the earth's rotational axis wobbles slightly over time, the location where the southern end of the axis intersects the earth's surface shifts, although it is always within a few meters of the fixed geographic and cartographic position of the South Pole. It is distinguished from the south magnetic polemagnetic pole,
the two roughly opposite ends of the planet where the earth's magnetic intensity is the greatest, as the north and south magnetic poles. For the magnetic north, it is the direction from any point on the earth's surface linking the horizontal component of the
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. The South Pole was reached first by Roald AmundsenAmundsen, Roald
(Roald Engelbregt Grauning Amundsen) , 1872–1928, Norwegian polar explorer; the first person to reach the South Pole. He served (1897–99) as first mate on the Belgica
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, a Norwegian explorer, in 1911. See AntarcticaAntarctica
, the fifth largest continent, c.5,500,000 sq mi (14,245,000 sq km), asymmetrically centered on the South Pole and almost entirely within the Antarctic Circle. Geology and Geography

Antarctica consists of two major regions: W Antarctica (c.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

South Pole


the point at which the imaginary axis of the earth’s rotation intersects its surface in the southern hemisphere. All other points on the earth’s surface are north of the south pole. The south pole is situated on the continent of Antarctica, close to the Pacific coast at an elevation of 2,800 m. The ice in the vicinity of the south pole reaches a thickness of 2,810 m. The average annual air temperature for the period 1957–61 was –48.6°C, with a maximum of −14.7°C and a minimum of –78.9°C. The polar day lasts about 179 days, from September 23 to March 20–21 (not considering refraction). (See alsoPOLES, GEOGRAPHIC.)

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

south pole

[′sau̇th ′pōl]
The pole of a magnet at which magnetic lines of force are assumed to enter. Also known as negative pole.

South Pole

[′sau̇th ′pōl]
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

South Pole

1. the southernmost point on the earth's axis, at the latitude of 90°S
2. Astronomy the point of intersection, in the constellation Octans, of the earth's extended axis and the southern half of the celestial sphere
3. the south-seeking pole of a freely suspended magnet
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The distance between the magnetic south pole and the geographic south pole, is much more, at 2,858 kilometres.
The station was built with flexible connecting walkways to accommodate the sliding of the glacier, which also requires the marker for the true geographic South Pole to be moved annually.
The Geographic South Pole is marked by a small sign and a stake in the ice pack, which are repositioned each year on New Year's Day to compensate for the movement of the ice.
"The expedition will raise significant funds for the three charities that inspire me in everything I do, with the bonus that I'll also be achieving a long-term ambition to conquer the geographic South Pole.
A BRITISH woman is planning to make the fastest solo, unsupported trek to the geographic South Pole.
They are unloaded only a short walk from a shiny balled marker denoting where Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first to reach the geographic South Pole on Dec.
Kay and her fellow adventurers will have to negotiate sastrugi, the ridges of wind-blown snow that are several feet high, before they reach the Geographic South Pole, perched on top of 10,000ft of ice.
The Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, established in November 1956 within 1,000 yards of the geographic South Pole, was the site of research on glacial conditions, the effects of ionospheric activity, and auroral phenomena.
An interesting feature of Pole Station is that objects in the sky do not rise and set, but rotate around the geographic South Pole. This means that celestial objects that can be seen from the Southern Hemisphere are always in view.
The geographic south pole was becoming more accessible.
No plane traffic means researchers at Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station Antarctica, built 400 m from the geographic South Pole, cannot leave from early February to late October.

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