South Pole

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Related to Geographic South Pole: Geographic North Pole

South Pole,

southern end of the earth's axis, by convention at lat. 90° S. Because the earth's rotational axis wobbles slightly over time, the location where the southern end of the axis intersects the earth's surface shifts, although it is always within a few meters of the fixed geographic and cartographic position of the South Pole. It is distinguished from the south magnetic polemagnetic pole,
the two roughly opposite ends of the planet where the earth's magnetic intensity is the greatest, as the north and south magnetic poles. For the magnetic north, it is the direction from any point on the earth's surface linking the horizontal component of the
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. The South Pole was reached first by Roald AmundsenAmundsen, Roald
(Roald Engelbregt Grauning Amundsen) , 1872–1928, Norwegian polar explorer; the first person to reach the South Pole. He served (1897–99) as first mate on the Belgica
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, a Norwegian explorer, in 1911. See AntarcticaAntarctica
, the fifth largest continent, c.5,500,000 sq mi (14,245,000 sq km), asymmetrically centered on the South Pole and almost entirely within the Antarctic Circle. Geology and Geography

Antarctica consists of two major regions: W Antarctica (c.
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South Pole


the point at which the imaginary axis of the earth’s rotation intersects its surface in the southern hemisphere. All other points on the earth’s surface are north of the south pole. The south pole is situated on the continent of Antarctica, close to the Pacific coast at an elevation of 2,800 m. The ice in the vicinity of the south pole reaches a thickness of 2,810 m. The average annual air temperature for the period 1957–61 was –48.6°C, with a maximum of −14.7°C and a minimum of –78.9°C. The polar day lasts about 179 days, from September 23 to March 20–21 (not considering refraction). (See alsoPOLES, GEOGRAPHIC.)

south pole

[′sau̇th ′pōl]
The pole of a magnet at which magnetic lines of force are assumed to enter. Also known as negative pole.

South Pole

[′sau̇th ′pōl]

South Pole

1. the southernmost point on the earth's axis, at the latitude of 90°S
2. Astronomy the point of intersection, in the constellation Octans, of the earth's extended axis and the southern half of the celestial sphere
3. the south-seeking pole of a freely suspended magnet
References in periodicals archive ?
The expedition will raise significant funds for the three charities that inspire me in everything I do, with the bonus that I'll also be achieving a long-term ambition to conquer the geographic South Pole.
A BRITISH woman is planning to make the fastest solo, unsupported trek to the geographic South Pole.
They are unloaded only a short walk from a shiny balled marker denoting where Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first to reach the geographic South Pole on Dec.
Kay and her fellow adventurers will have to negotiate sastrugi, the ridges of wind-blown snow that are several feet high, before they reach the Geographic South Pole, perched on top of 10,000ft of ice.
Jonathan Dimbleby talks to Pen Hadow and Simon Murray about their successful expedition to the geographic South Pole, which raised 250,000 [pounds sterling] for the Society's Polar Archive Appeal.
The Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, established in November 1956 within 1,000 yards of the geographic South Pole, was the site of research on glacial conditions, the effects of ionospheric activity, and auroral phenomena.
station, is located at the geographic South Pole, the spin axis of the Earth, and has just a snow runway, so only ski-equipped airplanes can land there.
The geographic south pole was becoming more accessible.
No plane traffic means researchers at Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station Antarctica, built 400 m from the geographic South Pole, cannot leave from early February to late October.
When British explorer Robert Falcon Scott and his companions set off from the McMurdo region in late 1911, their foremost goal was to plant the first flag at the geographic south pole some 1,300 kilometers away -- a race they lost by a month to Roald Amundsen of Norway.
Clauer and his team designed and hand-built six autonomous data- collection stations and installed them piece-by-piece near the geographic South Pole for initial testing.

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