Geographic Information System

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Geographic Information System

(application)
(GIS) A computer system for capturing, storing, checking, integrating, manipulating, analysing and displaying data related to positions on the Earth's surface. Typically, a GIS is used for handling maps of one kind or another. These might be represented as several different layers where each layer holds data about a particular kind of feature (e.g. roads). Each feature is linked to a position on the graphical image of a map.

Layers of data are organised to be studied and to perform statistical analysis (i.e. a layer of customer locations could include fields for Name, Address, Contact, Number, Area). Uses are primarily government related, town planning, local authority and public utility management, environmental, resource management, engineering, business, marketing, and distribution.

GIS dictionary.

http://ncl.ac.uk/~ngraphic/wotzagis.html.
References in periodicals archive ?
15 June 2016 - UK-based geoscience business Getech Group plc (AIM; GTC) has closed an agreement to acquire the entire issued share capital of geographical information systems software and services firm Exprodat Consulting Ltd.
Geographical Information Systems defy a simple definition because they cover such a broad range of disciplines and systems.
TechNavio's analysts forecast the Geographical Information Systems market in North America to grow at a CAGR of 11.
Geographical information systems are, and have been since their inception, a rapidly developing branch of research that periodically undergoes major paradigm shifts.
Mostly French, but also other European researchers survey innovative software that uses geographical information systems (GIS) to improve the interaction of humans with the planet at various levels.
Demand for NEXTMap data is growing as new commercial applications are emerging, including geographical information systems (GIS), engineering planning, transportation, automotive, navigation, flood, irrigation, environmental management and planning, telecommunications/wireless network planning, aviation, simulation, and 3D visualization.
Demand for NEXTMap[R] data is growing as new commercial applications are emerging, including geographical information systems (GIS), engineering planning, transportation, automotive, navigation, flood, irrigation, environmental management and planning, telecommunications/wireless network planning, aviation, simulation, and 3D visualization.

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