The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a mound containing the remains of an Aeneolithic settlement (fourth to early third century B.C.) of settled cultivators in southern Turkmenia. The site is located 20 km east of the city of Tedzhen near the Geoksiur railroad station. Several adobe multiroom houses as well as group burial chambers were excavated between 1955 and 1965 by V. I. Sarianidi. Ceramics with dichromatic paintings and numerous female terracotta figurines were also discovered. Geoksiur typifies the culture of the eastern Anau group of tribes that displays connections with Elam and Mesopotamia.


Masson, V. M. Sredniaia Aziia i Drevnii Vostok. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Sarianidi, V. I. Pamiatniki pozdnego eneolita lugo-Vostochnoi Turkmenii. Moscow, 1965.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.