Agricola, Georgius

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Agricola, Georgius

(jôr`jēə əgrĭk`ələ), Latinized from

Georg Bauer

(gā`ôrk bou`ər), 1494–1555, German physician and scientist, known as the father of mineralogy. He was a pioneer in physical geology and the first to classify minerals scientifically. His celebrated work De re metallica (1556) was a standard in metallurgy and mining for over a century and was translated into English (1912) by Herbert C. Hoover and Lou H. Hoover.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Agricola, Georgius


(latinized from Georg Bauer). Born Mar. 24, 1494; died Nov. 21, 1555. German scholar in the field of mining and metallurgy; a doctor by education.

From 1527 to 1531, Agricola lived in the city of Jachymov, Bohemia, a major center of mining and metallurgy industries, and from 1533 on he lived in Chemnitz, Saxony. Agricola was the first to generalize on the mining and metallurgy industries. He systematized them according to stages of processing: the discovery and prospecting of deposits or sites of useful minerals, the opening and developing of the deposit or site, the dressing of the ore, and finally assaying and metallurgical processing. Agricola’s writings on mineralogy describe 20 new minerals and set forth the methods for distinguishing them by their external characteristics. Agricola was one of the first to look into the question of the effect of working conditions on the health of the workers. He studied the medicinal qualities of metals and minerals.

Agricola’s major work was De re metallica, which was completed in 1550 and first published in Latin in 1556.


De natura corum qual effluunt ex terra. Venice, 1553.
De peste. Basel, 1554.
In Russian translation:
O gornom dele i metallurgii. Moscow, 1962.


Shukhardin, S. V. Georgii Agrikola. Moscow, 1955. (Contains a list of Agricola’s works and of literature about him.)
Georgius Agricola, 1494–1555. Berlin, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mike Jackson, AutoNation's chairman and CEO, and Georg Bauer, Fair's co-founder and chairman, previously worked together, leading Mercedes-Benz USA as CEO and president and Mercedes-Benz Credit Corp.
Petroleum (term first used in the treatise De Natura Fossilium published in 1546 by the German mineralogist Georg Bauer) is a naturally occurring, flammable liquid found in rock formations in the Earth consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocar-bons of various molecular weights, plus other organic compounds.
Georg Bauer. who is a ShareThe Meal app user said , "It's so easy and so simple and we have so many possibilities they don't have, so it is just one pushing, just one thing, to push the button and you can help someone and that's a good thing"
The essays here suggest that empathy serves as both means and end for Vollmann, who, as Georg Bauer writes, is concerned to "encounter the people he wants to learn from as honestly as possible" as a way to "take a closer look at the Other" (74-75).
(The structure was designed by the architects Georg Bauer and Siegfried Friedlander in the Neue Sachlichkeit or New Objectivity style that emphasized making a building practical and useful, rather than intricate and beautiful.) With no experience and many competitors, they did have one novel idea to entice customers into their huge and expensive store: Jonass would allow customers to buy items on credit.
10 The word for which fuel was coined in 1556 by German mineralogist Georg Bauer from the Latin for rock and oil?
Like the final essay in the introduction, Oswald Georg Bauer's survey of the Munich stagings of Strauss's operas during his life-time, there is a clear emphasis on Strauss's activity in the Bavarian capital.
Another physician who grew interested in mining was Georg Bauer (1494-1555), better known by his Latinized name as Georgius Agricola.
El petrleo (trmino usado por primera vez en el tratado De Natura Fossilium publicado en 1546 por el minerlogo alem[sz]n Georg Bauer) es un lquido natu-ral inflamable que se encuentra en formaciones de roca en la Tierra, y consiste de una mezcla compleja de hidrocarburos de varios pesos moleculares, adem[sz]s de otros compuestos org[sz]nicos.