Georg Büchner

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Büchner, Georg

 

Born Oct. 17, 1813, in Goddelau; died Feb. 19, 1837, in Zürich. German writer. Son of a doctor; brother of the philosopher L. Büchner.

At the universities of Strasbourg and Giessen, where he studied medicine and natural science, Büchner became fascinated with the ideas of the Great French Revolution and Utopian socialism. While a member of the revolutionary Society of the Rights of Man, Büchner enlisted peasants and artisans into the organization. The words “Peace to the huts, war on the palaces!” that open The Hessian Provincial Deputy, a proclamation Büchner wrote in 1834, were heard for the first time in Germany. After the organization was disbanded, Büchner lectured at the University of Zürich. Büchner’s first work is a realistic drama Danton’s Death (1835), in which the French Revolution is shown in its historical greatness and contradictions. The comedy Leonce and Lena, which was published in 1839, combines mild humor with irate satire directed toward the German dwarf states. In his best play, Woyzeck (1837), Büchner showed the social oppression and the awakening of class consciousness among the working people. The short story Lenz (1839) expresses Büchner’s aesthetic views. Although he was a materialist with regard to his world view, he opposed Schiller’s idealization of images and his romantic subjectivism.

WORKS

Werke und Briefe. Wiesbaden, 1958.
In Russian translation:
Sochineniia. (Foreword by A. Dzhivelegov.) Moscow-Leningrad, 1935.

REFERENCES

Turaeva, E. Ia. Dramaturgiia G. Biukhnera i ee stsenicheskoe voploshchenie. Moscow, 1952.
Dmitriev, A. (Foreword.) In Büchner, G. Smert’ Dantona. Moscow, 1954. (Text of book is in German.)
Meyer, H. G. Büchner und seine Zeit. Berlin, 1960.
G. Büchner. Published by W. Martens. Darmstadt, 1965.
Schröder, J. G. Büchners “Leonce und Lena.” Munich, 1966.
Johann, E. G. Büchner in Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten. [Hamburg, 1969.] (Bibliography, pages 171-74.)
P’esy, proza, pis’ma. Moscow, 1972.

E. IA. TURAEVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A 19th century German play about a young soldier down on his luck may not seem the obvious choice for a largescale community theatre and dance production - but Roxana knew immediately that Georg Buchner's Woyzeck would be the perfect play.
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national and international awards, including the Georg Buchner Prize
Then on Friday, February 14 Scene Productions presents Woyzeck, a new adaptation based on the play by Georg Buchner Set against the backdrop of WW1, Woyzeck is a startling depiction of the lowly soldier plagued by visions of the apocalypse.
Georg Buchner was born October 17, 1813 in Goddelau, Hesse-Darmstadt.
This time no one has to wait a decade for another helping: Just a mile and a half south of Zellerbach, in the nicely appointed repurposed church it calls home, Shotgun Players is offering the Wilson-Waits--Kathleen Brennan adaptation of Georg Buchner's Woyzeck, running through Jan.
The Sturm and Drang literary movement is conventionally associated with the notions of freedom of expression, productive genius, and love of nature, but alongside the misadventures of the young Werther, Georg Buchner sensed the consequences of that same unstoppable Drang, portraying the irrational drives that assail human nature as schizophrenia in the case of Lenz (1839) and jealousy in the case of Woyzeck (1837).