Georg Büchner

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Büchner, Georg

 

Born Oct. 17, 1813, in Goddelau; died Feb. 19, 1837, in Zürich. German writer. Son of a doctor; brother of the philosopher L. Büchner.

At the universities of Strasbourg and Giessen, where he studied medicine and natural science, Büchner became fascinated with the ideas of the Great French Revolution and Utopian socialism. While a member of the revolutionary Society of the Rights of Man, Büchner enlisted peasants and artisans into the organization. The words “Peace to the huts, war on the palaces!” that open The Hessian Provincial Deputy, a proclamation Büchner wrote in 1834, were heard for the first time in Germany. After the organization was disbanded, Büchner lectured at the University of Zürich. Büchner’s first work is a realistic drama Danton’s Death (1835), in which the French Revolution is shown in its historical greatness and contradictions. The comedy Leonce and Lena, which was published in 1839, combines mild humor with irate satire directed toward the German dwarf states. In his best play, Woyzeck (1837), Büchner showed the social oppression and the awakening of class consciousness among the working people. The short story Lenz (1839) expresses Büchner’s aesthetic views. Although he was a materialist with regard to his world view, he opposed Schiller’s idealization of images and his romantic subjectivism.

WORKS

Werke und Briefe. Wiesbaden, 1958.
In Russian translation:
Sochineniia. (Foreword by A. Dzhivelegov.) Moscow-Leningrad, 1935.

REFERENCES

Turaeva, E. Ia. Dramaturgiia G. Biukhnera i ee stsenicheskoe voploshchenie. Moscow, 1952.
Dmitriev, A. (Foreword.) In Büchner, G. Smert’ Dantona. Moscow, 1954. (Text of book is in German.)
Meyer, H. G. Büchner und seine Zeit. Berlin, 1960.
G. Büchner. Published by W. Martens. Darmstadt, 1965.
Schröder, J. G. Büchners “Leonce und Lena.” Munich, 1966.
Johann, E. G. Büchner in Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten. [Hamburg, 1969.] (Bibliography, pages 171-74.)
P’esy, proza, pis’ma. Moscow, 1972.

E. IA. TURAEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Basado en un homonimo dramatico de Georg Buchner de 1837, Berg echo aqui mano del poder de la sintesis y lo redujo a una pieza breve, si bien siguiendo al pie de la letra la prosa realista del original, resignificando su honesta preocupacion social para con los desamparados que son aqui razon de ser.
Among the topics are forms of generational recognition around 1800, rhetoric and brain anatomy in Georg Buchner, the emergence of the scientific gaze, what it means to orient oneself in thinking, the classification of machines around 1800, and outlines for a kinematic study of Goethe's Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre.
national and international awards, including the Georg Buchner Prize
Then on Friday, February 14 Scene Productions presents Woyzeck, a new adaptation based on the play by Georg Buchner Set against the backdrop of WW1, Woyzeck is a startling depiction of the lowly soldier plagued by visions of the apocalypse.
Tambien participaran Carol Ann Duffy, la primera poeta mujer y abiertamente homosexual laureada por el Reino Unido; Dario Jaramillo, ensayista y novelista, quien con su tono intimista ha marcado una tendencia en la narrativa colombiana; Jaime Siles, autor y academico valenciano que ha explorado la capacidad de conocimiento del poema, y Martin Mosebach, de Frankfurt, Alemania, ganador del prestigioso premio Georg Buchner.
The Sturm and Drang literary movement is conventionally associated with the notions of freedom of expression, productive genius, and love of nature, but alongside the misadventures of the young Werther, Georg Buchner sensed the consequences of that same unstoppable Drang, portraying the irrational drives that assail human nature as schizophrenia in the case of Lenz (1839) and jealousy in the case of Woyzeck (1837).
In a letter from 1836, the young German writer, revolutionary, and medical student Georg Buchner writes the sentence: "Our time is purely material" (Schriften 440).
Hierdie artikel ondemeem 'n semiotiese ondersoek na die identifikasie van die self spesifiek in die Suid-Afrikaanse modernisme deur 'n verwerking van Georg Buchner se "Woyzeck" as vertrekpunt te neem.
Berger, Karl Rahner, Regina Ammicht-Quin, Hans Kung, Karl Lehmann y Johann Baptist Metz; y tambien dialoga con autores para los que el dolor es <<la roca del ateismo>>: Georg Buchner, Arnim Kreiner, Walter Gross y Karl-Josef Kuschel (capitulo 1).