Georg Herwegh


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Herwegh, Georg

 

Born May 31, 1817, in Stuttgart; died Apr. 7, 1875, in Baden-Baden. German poet.

In the fall of 1842, Herwegh met K. Marx. He established close ties with M. A. Bakunin and A. I. Herzen. His collection Poems of a Living Man (1841) was a moving call to action that responded to the strivings of revolutionary democracy in Germany. Herwegh became one of the leading writers on the Rheinische Zeitung and won the recognition of K. Marx. In the poem “The Party” (1842), Herwegh defended the idea of party spirit in poetry, in the sense of serving the forces of progress. He wrote satirical poems directed against the enemies of the Revolution of 1848-49. After the defeat of the revolution, Herwegh implacably condemned European reaction in a series of articles, topical satires, and poems. At the same time he drew closer to F. Lassalle, and in 1863 he wrote the hymn (anthem) of the General German Workers’ Association.

WORKS

Werke. Berlin-Weimar, 1967.
Der Freiheit eine Gasse. Published by B. Kaiser. Berlin, 1948. [“Auswahl.”] In Achtundvierziger: Ein Lesebuch für unsere Zeit. Published by B. Kaiser. Weimar, 1958.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCES

Mering, F. Literaturno-kriticheskie stat’i, vol. 2. Moscow, 1934. Pages 62-71.
Shiller, F. P. Ocherki po istorii revoliutsionnoi poezii 19 v. Moscow, 1933. Pages 71-101.
Dymshits, A. L. “Karl Marks i poet Gerveg.”’ Uch. zap. Leningradskogo pedagogicheskogo in-ta im. A. I. Gertsena, 1958, vol. 170.
Turaev, S. “Tvorchestvo pozdnego Gervega.” Voprosy literatury, 1959, no. 10.
Büttner, W. “… dann belehren euch die Fäuste unsrer Proletarier!” Weimarer Beiträge, 1967, no. 3.

S. V. TURAEV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most prominent of these are Ludwig Feuerbach's Theologisch-satirische Xenien (1830), Georg Herwegh's Xenien (1843), Adolf Glassbrenner's and Daniel Sanders's Xenien der Gegenwart (1850), and Johannes Bobrowski's Literarisches Klima: Ganz neue Xenien, doppelte Ausfuhrung (1977).
The human story is dashed, too, as the deep love between Herzen and his beautiful wife, Natalie, is marred by a menage a quatre with the German poet Georg Herwegh and his bride.
Heinrich Laube, Georg Herwegh, Ludwig Borne, and Heinrich Heine were also associated with the movement.