Georg Jellinek


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jellinek, Georg

 

Born June 16, 1851, in Leipzig; died Jan. 1, 1911, in Heidelberg. German bourgeois political scientist and representative of the school of juridical positivism. Professor at the universities of Vienna (from 1883), Basel (1889), and Heidelberg (from 1891).

According to Jellinek, the state must be studied both as a special social formation and as a legal entity. Thus his doctrine comprises social and legal teachings, each having its own method. In practice, Jellinek’s method was primarily formal and dogmatic. He defined the state as a unity of individuals having a special purpose and endowed with the qualities of a legal subject; it possesses a will and embodies rights. This definition does not reveal the social essence of the bourgeois state. Jellinek advanced the liberal bourgeois concept that the state limits its power by the promulgation of norms—a progressive idea under the German monarchical system. The idea of the self-limitation of state power was further developed by Jellinek in his definition of sovereignty. He exerted a certain influence on 20th-century Russian juris-prudence.

WORKS

System der subjektiven öffentlichen Rechte. Berlin, 1892.
Allgemeine Staatslehre. Berlin, 1900. In Russian translation, Obshchee uchenie o gosudarstve. St. Petersburg, 1903.
Ausgewählte Schriften und Reden, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1911.

G. V. MAL’TSEV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Feeling isolated in the theology department at Heidelberg, Troeltsch sought friendship with faculty members in other disciplines, especially Georg Jellinek and Max Weber (54, 179).
Georg Jellinek (1966), un jurista con gran agudeza sociologica, cercano al circulo de Max Weber en Heidelberg, reformula los grandes debates decimononicos sobre la naturaleza del Estado, planteando que la teoria general del Estado puede estudiarlo desde dos diferentes perspectivas: una teoria social del Estado (soziale Staatslehre) que se ocupa del Estado en cuanto construccion historica o, en otras palabras, tal como es en la realidad social, fenomeno del que se ocupan la ciencia politica y la sociologia, y, de otro lado, una teoria juridica del Estado (Staatsrechtslehre), que se ocupa de su perspectiva juridica y normativa, tarea reservada al jurista (Jellinek 1966).