Georg Joseph Vogler


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Vogler, Georg Joseph

 

Born June 15, 1749, in Wurzburg; died May 6, 1814, in Darmstadt. German composer, music theorist, conductor, and organist; Catholic priest.

Vogler studied in Bologna under G. B. Martini and in Padua under F. A. Vallotti. He traveled a great deal and exhibited a keen interest in the music of various peoples, including those of eastern nations. In 1775 he moved to Mannheim, where he founded a school of music. In 1784 he became chief Kapellmeister in Munich. From 1786 to 1788 and from 1794 to 1799, Vogler served as Kapellmeister in Stockholm. In 1788 he visited St. Petersburg. In 1807 he became Kapellmeister to the grand duke of Darmstadt.

Vogler gave organ concerts, and he constructed a portable organ known as the orchestrion. He was the composer often operas and two ballets, as well as symphonies, overtures, vocal works, concerti for piano and orchestra, and other instrumental works. He also wrote treatises on music theory and guides to counterpoint. Among Vogler’s many pupils were C. M. von Weber and G. Meyerbeer.

References in periodicals archive ?
It was not that the fantasia genre was comprehensible to everyone, or even to all supposed Kenner; Georg Joseph Vogler is quoted to the effect that C.
And a predictable, mainly admirable group of studies by Klaus Hortschansky (who includes in his discussion, and illustrates, porcelain figures from the world of theater), Jorg Riedlbauer, Helga Luhning, Michael Schwarte, and Thomas Betzwieser, is devoted to the operatic life of Mannheim; Tommaso Traetta's Sofonisba, Ignaz Holzbauer's Gunther von Schwarzburg, and Georg Joseph Vogler's Der Kaufmann von Smyrna receive special attention.
In part one, for example, Rudolf Pecman begins his article on "The Mannheim School and Josef Myslivecek" by stating flatly that to his knowledge there are no connections between Mannhelm and Myslivecek; and of the eight articles on melodrama in part two, only one, Joachim Veit's fine study of Georg Joseph Vogler's Lampedo of 1779, actually concerns itself with Mannheim - and that mainly because Vogler was a Mannheimer; the work itself was written for the court at Darmstadt.