Georg Kaiser

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Kaiser, Georg

(gā`ôrkh kī`zər), 1878–1945, German expressionist playwright. His early plays dealt with the erotic and the psychological. In maturity Kaiser turned to social themes, glorifying the ideal of sacrifice for the mass interest and attacking the brutality of the machine age. He fled Germany for Switzerland when the Nazis came to power. Among his many dramas are The Citizens of Calais (1914, tr. 1946), From Morn to Midnight (1916, tr. 1920), and the trilogy The Coral (1917, tr. 1929), Gas (1918, tr. 1924), and Gas II (1920).


See studies by R. Benson (1984) and P. Tyson (1984).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kaiser, Georg


Born Nov. 25, 1878, in Magdeburg; died June 4, 1945, in Ascona, Switzerland. German dramatist. Well-known representative of German expressionism.

Kaiser’s protest against the bourgeois world bore an abstract, individualistic character. In 1911 he published The Jewish Widow, a comedy on a Biblical theme, and in 1914, the historical drama The Burghers of Calais. World War I (1914–18) and the revolutionary events of 1918 in Germany sharply intensified Kaiser’s critical attitude toward the capitalist system, as can be seen in the dramas Gas (parts I and II, 1918–20; Russian translation, 1922) and The Coral (1918; Russian translation, 1923). Along with the amusing adventure comedy Cinema Romance (Kolportage; 1924; Russian translation, 1925) and such mystical, romantic dramas as Twice Oliver (1926) and Two Neckties (1930), Kaiser wrote the antimilitarist plays Leather Heads (1928) and Mississippi (1930). After the Nazis came to power, Kaiser’s plays were banned. In 1938 he emigrated to the Netherlands, and then he moved to Switzerland. In 1940, while he was in Switzerland, Kaiser wrote the dramas Klawitter and The English Wireless, which portrayed the horrors of Nazi terror, and the antimilitarist play The Soldier Tanaka. The comedy Napoleon in New Orleans (1941), which is about an adventurer pretending to be the French emperor, makes fun of Hitler. Kaiser’s late antimilitarist dramas are based on ancient Greek myths. In 1948 the trilogy Twice Amphitryon, Pygmalion, and Bellerophon was published. Kaiser was also the author of the novels Its Enough (1932) and Villa Aurea (1940; translated into English as Vera).


In Russian translation:
Dramy. [With an introduction by A. V. Lunacharskii.] Moscow-Petro-
grad, 1923.


Paulsen, W. G. Kaiser. Tübingen, 1960.
Kändler, K. Drama und Klassenkampf. Berlin-Weimar, 1970.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As the predictive nature of the plays determined the selection, the book draws attention to many forgotten or neglected playwrights whose oeuvres are not part of the major academic canon (like Andrei Bely, Valery Bruisov, Jean-Claude Grumberg, Carl Hauptmann, Georg Kaiser, etc.).
The general title of a loose trilogy of expressionistic plays by Georg Kaiser: Die Koralle (1917; translated as The Coral, 1929), Gas I (1918; translated as 1924) and Gas II (1920; translated as 1931).
Several famous names are here: Ibsen, Georg Kaiser, and Wilde.
Subsequent chapters are devoted to 'the impact of Geistesgeschichte 1945-1967' and 'Kaiser's place in Expressionism 1959-1988', while later sections are devoted to the establishment of the Georg Kaiser Archive and the work of Walter Huder, the difficulties over the editions of the works and letters, and over accounts of the author's life.
" Major playwrights include: Georg Kaiser, Ernst Toller, Fritz von Unruh, Ernst Barlach, and Bertolt Brecht in his earlier work.