Georg August Schweinfurth

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Schweinfurth, Georg August


Born Dec. 29, 1836, in Riga; died Sept. 19, 1925, in Berlin. German botanist and African explorer.

Schweinfurth studied at the universities of Heidelberg, Munich, and Berlin between 1856 and 1862. From 1863 to 1866 he conducted botanical research in Egypt, eastern Sudan, and on the coast of the Red Sea. Between 1869 and 1871 he was commissioned by the Prussian Academy of Sciences to explore the Bahr al-Gazal River basin. After arriving at Khartoum, Schweinfurth traveled to the Tonj and Jur rivers and discovered the Wau River and the sources of the Jur. In 1870 he discovered the Uélé River in the Congo basin. In 1873–1874 he participated in the Rolfs expedition into the Libyan Desert.


Im Herzen von Afrika, 4th ed. Leipzig, 1922.
Auf unbetretenen Wegen in Aegypten. Hamburg-Berlin, 1922.


Gornung, M. B., Iu. G. Lipets, and I. N. Oleinikov. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Afriki. Moscow, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The monograph's centrepiece, however, is a detailed discussion of the travel writing by German nineteenth-century explorers in Africa such as Heinrich Barth, Georg Schweinfurth, Gustav Nachtigal, Gerhart Rohlfs, and Hermann von Wissmann.