Georg Wilhelm Steller

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Steller, Georg Wilhelm


(also G. W. Stoeller). Born Mar. 10 (21), 1709, in Windsheim, Franconia, in what is now the Federal Republic of Germany; died Nov. 12 (23), 1746, in Tiu-men’. Explorer and naturalist. Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1737).

Steller took part in the Second Kamchatka Expedition. During the years 1740–41 and 1742–43 he conducted research in Kamchatka. In 1741 he took part in V. Bering’s voyage to North America and spent the winter of 1741–42 on Bering Island of the Komandorskie Islands. It is here that he wrote the first description of the island, as well as the work On Marine Animals (published 1753), which contains the first description of the animal known as Steller’s sea cow. Steller’s other works are A Voyage From Kamchatka to America With Commodore Bering (1793) and A Description of the Land of Kamchatka (1774).


Iz Kamchatki v Ameriku. Leningrad, 1928.


Berg, L. S. Otkrytie Kamchatki i ekspeditsii Beringa. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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In 1741, Georg Wilhelm Steller became the first European naturalist to set foot in the western half of the North American continent, while accompanying the Russian explorer Vitus Bering on his Alaskan expeditions.
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