George Biddell Airy

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Airy, George Biddell


Born July 27, 1801, in Alnwick; died Jan. 2, 1892, in London. British astronomer. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1836).

From 1826 to 1835, Airy was a professor at Cambridge University. In 1828, he became the director of the Cambridge observatory. From 1835 to 1881, he was the astronomer royal, or the director of the Royal Greenwich Observatory.

Airy’s main works dealt with theoretical astronomy and astronomical optics. Airy developed methods for determining the solar parallax and the solar apex. He designed and introduced a reflecting zenith telescope and a chronograph. In 1874, Airy headed a British expedition for the observation of a transit of Venus across the sun.


[Turner, H. H.] “George Biddell Airy” (obituary). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 1892, vol. 52.
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Most, however, compared it to the bright band bordering the limb of the airless Moon that had been reported during the partial phases of solar eclipses, a phenomenon that Astronomer Royal George Biddell Airy had dismissed in 1864 as "strictly an ocular nervous phenomenon.
This meeting, held in the scarcely-completed Leeds Town Hall, was attended by Sir John Herschel, and it was with the assistance of Sir John and other astronomical luminaries (including George Biddell Airy, Astronomer Royal) that the Leeds AS took shape.
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For decades, physicists have known that quantum theory allows for wavelike objects to follow curved trajectories known as Airy functions, after the 19th-century British astronomer George Biddell Airy.
Famous connections: The Earls and Dukes of Northumberland, most notably Harry "Hotspur" Percy, 19th Century Astronomer Royal Sir George Biddell Airy, darts commentator and broadcaster Sid Waddell (who was also former Yorkshire shove ha'penny champion).
For Adams, working out a new planet's position was sparked by a chance look at an 1832 "Report on Progress in Astronomy" by Cambridge University astronomer George Biddell Airy, who became Astronomer Royal at the Greenwich Observatory in 1835.
Having settled at Tuddenham St Martin, near Ipswich, Ken became fascinated with the history of Orwell Park Observatory, its 10-inch refractor and the former Astronomer Royal George Biddell Airy, who had also lived in Suffolk.
Sir George Biddell Airy, the man who created the International Time Zones was born in the market town.
George Biddell Airy, Astronomer Royal and a tide expert, noticed Halley's mistake and reopened the subject.
This meridian is marked with brass in the cobblestone pavement in front of the shed that houses the transit circle acquired and operated by George Biddell Airy, the seventh Astronomer Royal.
The Greenwich meridian, the longitude line that runs from the north to south poles through Greenwich, is defined by a crosshair in the eyepiece of the Airy transit circle, a special-purpose telescope designed and built by the seventh Astronomer Royal, George Biddell Airy, in 1850.
During the 19th century, British astronomer George Biddell Airy discovered that atmospheric dispersion limited the precision with which he was able to make positional measurements during transits of Mercury and Venus.