George Catlett Marshall

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Marshall, George Catlett


Born Dec. 31, 1880, in Uniontown, Pa.; died Oct. 16, 1959, in Washington D.C. American statesman and military figure; general of the army (1944).

After graduating from the Virginia Military Institute in 1901, Marshall served with American forces in the Philippines, Europe, China, and the USA. He was chief of staff of the US Army from 1939 to 1945. He participated in the major international conferences of World War II (1939-45), including those at Tehran, Yalta, and Potsdam. From 1945 to 1947 he was President H. Truman’s special representative in China. As US secretary of state from 1947 to 1949, Marshall was one of the architects of cold war policy; he actively participated in drawing up the Truman Doctrine and the program of American “aid” to the Western European countries that was named after him. After serving as secretary of defense in 1950-51, he left active government and political life.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Marshall, letter to Major Asa Singleton, November 22, 1939, George Catlett Marshall files, Lexington, Virginia.
Wunderlin, Jr., eds., The Papers of George Catlett Marshall: Vol.
Books sympathetic to McCarthy and his followers include McCarthy's own McCarthyism: The Fight for America (1952) and in collaboration with his staff, America's Retreat from Victory: The Story of George Catlett Marshall (1951); and William F.
US policymakers, led by George Catlett Marshall, decided that if the Soviets would not agree to a recovery programme, then America would have to introduce one unilaterally.
Jordan writes that the United States "entrusted four men with the prosecution of America's war." The first three were General George Catlett Marshall, Admiral Ernest J.