George Cayley

Also found in: Wikipedia.

Cayley, George


Born Dec. 27, 1773, in Scarborough, Yorkshire, England; died Dec. 15, 1857, in Brompton Hall, Yorkshire. English scientist and inventor.

From 1809 to 1811, Cayley published descriptions of the principles of flight for a glider and an airplane, as well as the results of his aerodynamic research on models and devices. Subsequent works proposed methods for providing flight stability. Cayley explained the role of the tail group and the importance of minimizing weight and load. From 1849 to 1853, he built two gliders and made a manned flight with one of them. Cayley developed a wheel with wire spokes (the prototype of the bicycle wheel) and proposed several types of internal combustion engines (1805). He patented a crawler track for transport machines in 1825. Cayley was also concerned with research in such areas as scientific education, acoustics, ballistics, optics, electricity, and railroad equipment.


Popov, V. A. Osnovy aviatsionnoi tekhniki. Moscow, 1947.
Pritchard, J. L. Sir George Cayley. London, 1961.
Gibbs-Smith, C. H. Sir George Cayley’s Aeronautics 1796–1855. London, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Seat belts were invented by English engineer George Cayley in the mid-19th century, though Edward J Claghorn, of New York, was granted the first patent on February 10, 1885.
The pub, named after the first ever flying machine, invented by Sir George Cayley, only re-opened in April.
5), based on the Chinese idea [4, 22], George Cayley designed a carriage convertaplane [1] which remained at the stage of idea due to the propulsion systems gauge which at that time were only available for steam locomotives (Figure 2.
Examples: Sir George Cayley invented a glider in 1804.
The building, at South Lane, is named Cayley House, after Sir George Cayley.
Along with the Wright Brothers, whom most Americans think invented the airplane in an intellectual vacuum, Spencer follows the true international cast from designers to inventors to pilots, from Sir George Cayley to his disciple William Henson and from the aforesaid Wrights to the daring Bleriot.
The Man Who Discovered Flight: George Cayley and the First Airplane, by Richard Dee.
The Wright brothers dipped their wings--literally and figuratively--to Leonardo da Vinci, Sir George Cayley, Otto Lilienthal, and Octave Chanute.
After tracing the work of a number of pioneering experimenters including George Cayley, Otto Lilienthal, and Samuel Langley, Crouch provides a short but informative analysis on how and why Wilbur and Orville Wright succeeded in giving humankind wings.
Foundations for Flight': The Aeronautical Research of Sir George Cayley
Englishman George Cayley is credited with inventing the aeroplane near Scarborough in Yorkshire in 1799.
Modern aeronautical ideas weren't applied to helicopter designs until the English engineer George Cayley took up the problem in the early 19th century.