George Clarke Simpson
Simpson, George Clarke
Born Sept. 2, 1878, in Derby; died Jan. 1, 1965. British meteorologist. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1915).
Between 1897 and 1903, Simpson studied at the universities of Manchester and Göttingen. He was on the staff of the Indian Meteorological Department from 1906 to 1917. He served as director of the Meteorological Office of Great Britain from 1920 to 1938 and as president of the Royal Meteorological Society from 1940 to 1942. He was a member of R. Scott’s second antarctic expedition, which was made between 1910 and 1912. Simpson investigated the ionization of the atmosphere, the electric charges of precipitation, and the electric field in thunderstorm clouds. In 1929 he prepared a map of the radiation balance. In 1934 he proposed a theory of climatic fluctuations caused by changes in solar radiation.