George Crabbe


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Crabbe, George,

1754–1832, English poet, b. Aldeburgh, Suffolk. After practicing medicine for a short time, he went to London in 1780, hoping to earn money by his writing. He was befriended by Edmund Burke, whose generous assistance aided in the publication of The Library (1781). He took orders in 1781 and held various livings, becoming rector at Trowbridge in 1814. The Village (1783), his most famous work, is a grim picture of rustic life, written partly in reply to Goldsmith's nostalgic Deserted Village. His bleak, realistic descriptions of life led Byron to call him "nature's sternest painter, yet the best." His other works include The Parish Register (1807), The Borough (1810), Tales (1812), and Tales of the Hall (1819).

Bibliography

See biographies by his son (ed. by E. M. Forster, 1932; repr. 1949) and R. L. Chamberlain (1965); studies by A. Pollard (1972) and B. Nelson (1976).

Crabbe, George

 

Born Dec. 24, 1754, in Aldeburgh; died Feb. 3, 1832, in Trowbridge. English poet.

Crabbe was a doctor and later a parish priest. The realistic and democratic direction of his poetry was apparent from the appearance of his poem The Village (1783). Crabbe depicted the everyday life of rural parishes and small provincial towns; he made the simple people, doomed to a wretched existence, the heroes of his works. A. S. Pushkin and W. K. Kuchelbecker highly valued Crabbe's work.

WORKS

Poems, vols. 1–3. Cambridge, 1905–07.
Poems. London, 1946.
In Russian translation: In N. V. GerbeF, Angliiskie poety v biografiiakh i obraztsakh. St. Petersburg, 1875.

REFERENCES

Levin, lu. D. “Nekrasov i angliiskii poet Krabb.” In Nekrasovskii sbornik, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.
Haddakin, L. The Poetry of Crabbe. London, 1955.
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References in periodicals archive ?
There is arguably no more important and influential study of George Crabbe than that found at the beginning of Raymond Williams's The Country and the City.
Crabbe's Arabesque: Social Drama in the Poetry of George Crabbe.
1822), a 1,208-line poem by George Crabbe (1754-1832) discovered in a notebook among the papers of Crabbe confidante Sarah Hoare (1777-1856) in 1989, immediately introduces a mystery that might initially seem to be of interest only to a literary historian: why would a successful poet compose such a substantial work and never submit it for publication?
2) Michael Marland, Peter Grimes: A Dramatization of the Poems by George Crabbe in "The Borough" (London: Heinemann Educational Books, 1971).
38) Though most of the poets writing for the annual meeting of the Fund during Morris's lifetime were minor poets like Morris himself, a major poet George Crabbe wrote for the anniversary on 20 April 1809.
Langhorne's work anticipates that of George Crabbe in its description of the problems facing the poor.
Britten, who was a conscientious objector, wrote the opera during the Second World War, basing it on a 19th Century poem called The Borough, by George Crabbe, which he read while living in America.
Written in 1950, they're based on texts by George Crabbe and, among others, celebrate daffodils, nightshade and green broom.
Jones's first chapter, entitled "Representing Rustics: Satire, Countersatire, and Emergent Romanticism," identifies a countersatiric impulse in Wordsworth's "Essay on Epitaphs," one aimed at distinguishing Wordsworth's representations of rusticity from those of George Crabbe.
In The Borough, George Crabbe adds, perhaps unnecessarily: "What is a church?
James took William Wordsworth, Robert Southey, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and George Crabbe, while Horace took Thomas Moore, Sir Walter Scott, and William Lisle Bowles.
Topographical poems were at their peak of popularity in the 17th and 18th centuries, though there are examples from the early 19th century, including several poems by George Crabbe, as well as by such modern writers as John Betjeman and Ted Hughes.