George Cruikshank

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Cruikshank, George

(kro͝ok`shăngk), 1792–1878, English caricaturist, illustrator, and etcher; younger son of Isaac Cruikshank (1756–1810), caricaturist. Self-taught, George early gained a reputation for his humorous drawings and political and social satires. He succeeded James Gillray as the most popular caricaturist of his day. Cruikshank illustrated more than 850 books and contributed to such publications as the Meteor, the Scourge, and the Satirist. Among the best of his many illustrations are the famous Life in London (in collaboration with his brother); his masterly etchings for Grimm's German Popular Stories; and the 12 etchings in Richard Bentley's miscellany, which include the notable illustrations of Oliver Twist. In his later years Cruikshank made many drawings depicting the evils of intemperance, such as The Drunkard's Children, The Bottle, and The Gin Trap. Collections of his works are in the British and the Victoria and Albert museums.


See biographies by B. Jerrold (1882) and W. Bates (2d. ed. 1972); catalogs by A. M. Cohn (1924) and M. D. George (1949); study, ed. by R. L. Patten (1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
Works by Pierce Egan, Douglas Jerrold, and George Cruikshank are not quite unknown to scholars, but the titles reproduced here are all genuinely difficult to come by, except in excellent libraries: nearly all the titles are out of print.
George Cruikshank (1792-1878) illustrated Sketches by Boz (1836) and Oliver Twist (1838) but thereafter, until the late 1850s, the task of visualising the great novels fell to Browne (Fig.
This must have been a matter of some pride: not many traders in Birmingham received post from the Duchess of Norfolk, George Cruikshank (the illustrator and cartoonist), John Ruskin and William Gladstone.
George Cruikshank satirises the abolitionists with a Bacchanalian vision of the riotous behaviour their black friends might unleash on London, while there is also a hair-raising publication from 1834 called Tregears Black Jokes, Being a Series of Laughable Caricatures on the March of Manners amongst Blacks.
George Cruikshank was twenty years older than Dickens, a famous figure when the writer was still unknown, and a man of considerable eccentricity.
Birth of illustrator and caricaturist George Cruikshank, 1792:
George Cruikshank, son of the Scottish painter Isaac Cruikshank, could apparently draw as soon as he could write.
The satirical cartoonist George Cruikshank designed this 'bank note' in 1819 after witnessing the public execution of a woman hanged outside the gates of Newgate Prison for passing a forged note
Robert and George Cruikshank wrote the highly satirical text with the Irish artist Pierce Egan providing the hand-coloured illustrations which were also sold as prints .
It has been said that all book collectors begin with George Cruikshank and always end with him.
During this period the young George Cruikshank lived the life of a man about town.
Dickens's partnerships with his illustrators, particularly George Cruikshank and Hablot Knight Browne (or "Phiz"), are regarded as some of the most successful collaborations between author and illustrator ever achieved.