George Davis Snell

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Snell, George Davis,

1903–96, American immunologist, b. Bradford, Mass., Ph.D. Harvard, 1930. He was associated with the Jackson Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine from 1935 to 1973. His identification of the H-2 gene complex in mice helped make future organ transplants possible. Snell, Jean DaussetDausset, Jean
, 1916–2009, French immunologist. A physician specializing in blood diseases, he was the laboratory director of the National Blood Transfusion Center (1946–63) and a professor at the Univ. of Paris (1958–77) and the Collège de France.
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, and Baruj BenacerrafBenacerraf, Baruj
, 1920–2011, American immunologist, b. Caracas, Venezuela, grad. Columbia (B.S., 1942), Medical College of Virginia (M.D., 1945). Raised in Paris, his Sephardic Jewish family fled the Nazis and came to the United States at the outset of World War II; he
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 shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries concerning the genetic basis of immune system responses. His work greatly increased the understanding of autoimmune diseases and histocompatibility (see transplantation, medicaltransplantation, medical,
surgical procedure by which a tissue or organ is removed and replaced by a corresponding part, usually from another part of the body or from another individual.
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