George Ellery Hale

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hale, George Ellery


Born June 29, 1868, in Chicago; died Feb. 21, 1938, in Pasadena, Calif. American astronomer. Member of the National Academy of Sciences (1902).

Hale graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1890 and became a professor at the University of Chicago in 1897. He was director of the Yerkes Observatory from 1895 to 1905 and of the Mount Wilson Observatory from 1904 to 1923. Hale’s principal works are devoted to solar and stellar research. He is known for his use of the spectrohelioscope, the spectroheli-ograph, and the tower telescope to make solar observations. He predicted and verified with observational data the existence of magnetic fiel-s in sunspots. Hale was the founder and first editor of the Astrophysical Journal (1895).


“The Spectrohelioscope and Its Work, parts 1–2.” Astrophysical Journal, 1929, vol. 70, pp. 265–311; 1930, vol. 71, pp. 73–101.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is a small distinction, perhaps, but an important one for an organization whose record of founding successful observatories stretches back to George Ellery Hale and Mount Wilson.
GALILEO GALILEI, Isaac Newton, William Herschel, William Huggins, George Ellery Hale, Arthur Eddington, Harlow Shapley, and Edwin Hubble are all nicely profiled in this volume subtitled "The Astro-Physicists." In sprightly prose, often interlaced with quotes, Ian Glass weaves together these eight lives (warts and all) and their scientific careers.
Dedicated in 1897, Yerkes continues to house the world's largest refractor--the 40-inch commissioned by George Ellery Hale. The observatory is also home to 41- and 24-inch reflectors.
MWO was founded in 1904 as the brainchild of George Ellery Hale, a dynamic individual whose fundraising acumen had earlier established Yerkes Observatory in Wisconsin and would later gave rise to the 200-inch telescope that now bears his name at Palomar Observatory.
Named after George Ellery Hale, this 150-by-125-kilometer-wide (90-by-80-mile) crater resides just north of the Argyre Basin in Mars's southern hemisphere.
American astronomer George Ellery Hale was an ardent proponent of the new astrophysics.
ASCENDING THE PRIMITIVE MULE trail to Southern California's remote Wilson's Peak in 1903, solar astronomer George Ellery Hale, founding director of Yerkes Observatory, envisioned a professional research observatory at the summit that would lead the world in the "New Astronomy"--astrophysics.
Panek explores the discoveries made since Galileo - the findings of William Herschel and George Ellery Hale, among others, that have forever changed our sense of the universe.
Pickering at Harvard and George Ellery Hale, thunder of the Yerkes and Mount Wilson observatories, were pioneers in advancing astrophysics, some of those in the old school resented such advances.
Then in 1908 George Ellery Hale at Mount Wilson Observatory found sunspots to have strong magnetic fields of up to several thousand gauss.