Georges Enesco

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Enesco, Georges

 

(also G. Enescu). Born Aug. 19, 1881, in the village of Liveni-Virnav (now Georges Enescu); died May 4, 1955, in Paris. Rumanian composer, violinist, conductor, pianist, teacher, and figure in the music world. Academician of the Rumanian Academy (1932).

In 1893, Enesco graduated from the Vienna Conservatory; in 1899 he graduated from the Paris Conservatory, where he had studied violin under M. P. J. Marsick and composition under J. Massenet and G. Fauré. Enesco, the head of the Rumanian school of composers in the 20th century, is a central figure in Rumanian music. In his works he achieved an organic synthesis of national folk music and European artistic traditions, principally romanticism and impressionism. Enesco’s compositions, in numerous genres, laid the foundation for modern Rumanian music.

Enesco’s most important works are the opera Oedipus (1931; staged 1936, Paris Opera), the pinnacle of Rumanian operatic music; the Symphony No. 3 (1918), scored for orchestra, organ, piano, and chorus; the Chamber Symphony (1954), scored for 12 instruments; the Suite No. 3 (Villageoise, 1938); the symphony poem scored for soloists, chorus, and orchestra (Call of the Sea, 1951); and the Sonata No. 3 for Piano and Violin (In the Rumanian Folk Manner, 1926). His two Rumanian rhapsodies (1901) are also popular.

One of the greatest violinists and conductors of his time, Enesco performed in Rumania and other European countries and in the USA; he was renowned throughout the world. He made concert tours in Russia in 1909 and 1917 and in the USSR in 1946. An excellent ensemble player, Enesco performed with many leading musicians. As a violinist he was noted for his inspired playing, profound insight into the composer’s intentions, individual and distinctive interpretations, and flawless technique. He was famous as an interpreter of J. S. Bach, W. A. Mozart, L. van Beethoven, J. Brahms, and the French composers, particularly, C. Franck; he also championed the works of Rumanian composers.

Enesco, who was at the center of Rumanian musical life of the first half of the 20th century, helped found the Rumanian Composers’ Society and served as its president from 1920 to 1948; he also founded the Enesco Prize, awarded annually from 1913 to 1946 for the best Rumanian composition. Enesco, a democrat and an antifascist, helped organize the Rumanian Society for Friendly Relations With the USSR in 1944 and served as chairman of its music section. Enesco’s memoirs were edited by B. Gavoty (Russian translation: Vospominaniia i biograficheskie materialy, 1966).

REFERENCES

Iampol’skii, I. Dzh. Enesku. Moscow, 1956.
Kotliarov, B. “Dzh. Enesku.” In the collection Voprosy muzykal’no-ispolnitel’skogo iskusstva, vol. 2. Moscow, 1958.
Kotliarov, B. Dzh. Enesku, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1970.
Oistrakh, D. “Vstrechi s Enesku.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1961, no. 8.
Leites, R. “Dva ocherka ob Enesku.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1971, no. 8.
Leites, R. “Opernaia estetika Dzh. Enesku.” In the collection Iz isto-rii muzyki sotsiaiisticheskikh stran Evropy. Moscow, 1975.
Balan, G. George Enescu: Mesajul, estetica. Bucharest, 1962.
George Enescu. Bucharest, 1964. (Collection of documents and materials.)
George Enescu, Monografie, vols. 1–2. Bucharest, 1971.

E. R. LEITES

References in periodicals archive ?
Stroe-Vlad Ghe (2012) Interdependence structurale si stilistice intre folclorul romanesc si muzica bizantina, in Preludiul la unison de George Enescu. Revista MUZICA 2: 41-50.
"I started to sing some pieces by Brahms and Schubert, and then I studied music at the George Enescu High School of Music in Bucharest.
Moscow-born Alexeev, while working on postgraduate studies at the city's conservatoire, took part in a number of international competitions, gaining top honours at the 1969 Marguerite Long Competition in Paris, at the 1970 George Enescu Competition in Bucharest, and at the 1974 Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow.
Romanian composer George Enescu is a newer favorite of mine; much of his music has a subtle, elusive quality that both confounds and delights me.
Perjovschi trained as a painter at the conservative Universitatea de Arte George Enescu, in Iasi, but was encouraged to question the continued usefulness of his classical grounding by the collapse of Nicolae Ceauscu's autocratic regime in 1989.
Although stage performances and recordings of George Enescu's Oedipe (Paris, 1936) are exceedingly rare, many regard it as one of the operatic masterpieces of the 20th century.
The event, which started with a concert yesterday, marks the 50th anniversary of Romanian composer George Enescu's death.
* The Romanian Athenaeum which houses the "George Enescu" Philharmonic Orchestra;
Ysae dedicated each of the sonatas to younger contemporaries, including Szigeti, Jacques Thibaud, George Enescu and Fritz Kreisler, taking into account their specific playing styles.
Radu Lupu, one of the most respected of modern pianists, received a Diploma in the Vienna International Beethoven Competition, then magisterially conquered every subsequent competition he entered (Van Cliburn, George Enescu, Leeds,) on his way to an illustrious career.
The opening ceremony included a musical evening in the Romanian theatre led by Emirati musicians Fatima Al Hashimi and Mohammad Al Jahouri along the George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra.