George Farquhar

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Farquhar, George

(fär`kər, –kwər), 1678–1707, Irish dramatist, b. Londonderry (now Derry), Ireland. After his short career as an actor ended when he severely wounded a fellow actor in a stage duel, he wrote (1698) his first comedy, Love and a Bottle. His next play, The Constant Couple (1699), established his reputation. His experiences as an army officer are reflected in The Recruiting Officer (1706). He was on his deathbed when he completed his masterpiece, The Beaux' Stratagem (1707), a witty, realistic comedy set in the country. His plays, written in an atmosphere of genial merriment, represent the transition between the licentiousness of Restoration drama and the sentimentality of the 18th cent.


See his complete works (ed. by C. A. Stonehill, 1930); studies by E. Rothstein (1967) and E. James (1972).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Farquhar, George


Born 1677 or 1678 in Londonderry, Ireland; died Apr. 29, 1707, in London. Anglo-Irish dramatist.

Farquhar’s comedies, such as Love and a Bottle (1698), The Constant Couple (1699), and Sir Harry Wildair (1701), are characterized by complex plots and witty dialogue. His works expose hypocrisy and greed and are often filled with sentimental moralizing. Farquhar’s plays The Recruiting Officer (1706) and The Beaux’ Stratagem (1707) vividly depict life and provincial mores.


The Complete Works, vols. 1–2. New York-London, 1930.
In Russian translation:
Komedii. Moscow, 1973.


Istoriia zarubezhnoi literatury XVIII v. Moscow, 1967.
Rothstein, E. George Farquhar. New York, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
George Farquhar's 1706 play The Recruiting Officer must be understood within the context of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-14), and especially England's overwhelming victory at the Battle of Blenheim (August 13, 1704) under John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough.
George Farquhar's 1707 Restoration comedy "The Beaux' Stratagem" was an instant classic that ridiculed rogues, women, the ministry and the French.
George Farquhar includes in Love and Business (published in 1702, but obviously written seven years before) a poem on the death of Queen Mary which ascribes to the dead queen a kind of power that the women poets have given to Mary of Modena.
6 it staged The Recruiting Officer by George Farquhar. It also produced this season The Beaux' Stratagem by George Farquhar, The Busybody by Susannah Centlivre, and Cato by Joseph Addison.
The first play given there was George Farquhar's The Beaux Stratagem; it also saw the first production in New York of plays by Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, and Congreve, as well as many contemporary plays and afterpieces.
Early in May one of the newest (not yet a year old) and smallest of Off Off Broadway companies, the Red Heel Theatre, presented four performances of George Farquhar's comedy of 1699, The Constant Couple, and given the exigencies of their budget (the set consisted of fabric remnants), they did a bang-up job.
The RSC performed two plays during its visit to Huddersfield, Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream and The Beaux Stratagem by George Farquhar.
Proposed by a humane second lieutenant, the convicts are stretched to breaking point as they struggle to present George Farquhar's romp The Recruiting Officer, at that time a hit on the London stage.
Her account of the widely different receptions accorded Peg Woffington in her travesty roles as Sir Harry Wildair (in George Farquhar's comedy The Constant Couple) and as Lothario (in Nicholas Rowe's tragedy The Fair Penitent) draws on the response to these in the 1760 Memoirs of Mrs Woffington to conclude that, "travesty roles are especially difficult to sustain in tragedy because ...
Traffic warden Louise Anderson won her campaign despite opposition from old soldier George Farquhar - who claimed women "should be at home making babies".
George Farquhar claimed that women "should be at home making babies" instead of joining the Inverness British Legion.
The third theater in the colonies, the Dock Street Theater in Charleston, S.C., opened with a performance of The Recruiting Officer by George Farquhar. On Feb.