George Grenville


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Grenville, George,

1712–70, British statesman, brother of Earl Temple. He entered Parliament in 1741, held several cabinet posts, and in 1763 became chief minister. His prosecution (1763) of John WilkesWilkes, John,
1727–97, English politician and journalist. He studied at the Univ. of Leiden, returned to England in 1746, and purchased (1757) a seat in Parliament.
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 provoked political reformers, and his attempt to tax the North American colonies internally through the Stamp ActStamp Act,
1765, revenue law passed by the British Parliament during the ministry of George Grenville. The first direct tax to be levied on the American colonies, it required that all newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, commercial bills, advertisements, and other papers
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 raised opposition not only in America but also among the British commercial classes. Grenville alienated George III by insisting that he be the sole channel of ministerial communication to the throne, and he fell after a quarrel with the king about the composition of a regency council.
References in periodicals archive ?
More than any other British statesman, George Grenville set the stage for the American War of Independence.
Mitchell as 'Marshall', David Mallet as 'Malet', George Grenville as 'William', E.
He never aspired to the political achievements of the first three baronets: his paternal great great grandfather had been Speaker of the House of Commons; his great grandfather was a leading Welsh Jacobite; his grandfather led the Tory opposition to Walpole; and his maternal grandfather George Grenville and uncle William Wyndham (Lord) Grenville were both briefly prime ministers.
George Grenville, prime minister of Britain from 1763 to 1765, is remembered for prosecuting John Wilkes, passing the Stamp Act, and little else.